Self-prioritization and perceptual matching

The effects of temporal construal

Marius Golubickis, Johanna Katariina Falben, Arash Sahraie, Aleksandar Visokomogilski, William A. Cunningham, Jie Sui, C. Neil Macrae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Recent research has revealed that self-referential processing enhances perceptual judgments — the so-called self-prioritization effect. The extent and origin of this effect remains unknown, however. Noting the multifaceted nature of the self, here we hypothesized that temporal influences on self-construal (i.e., past/future-self continuity) may serve as an important determinant of stimulus prioritization. Specifically, as representations of the self increase in abstraction as a function of temporal distance (i.e., distance from now), self-prioritization may only emerge when stimuli are associated with the current self. The results of three experiments supported this prediction. Self-relevance only enhanced performance in a standard perceptual-matching task when stimuli (i.e., geometric shapes) were connected with the current self; representations of the self in the future (Expts. 1 & 2) and past (Expt. 3) failed to facilitate decision making. To identify the processes underlying task performance, data were interrogated using a hierarchical drift diffusion model (HDDM) approach. Results of these analyses revealed that self-prioritization was underpinned by a stimulus bias (i.e., rate of information uptake). Collectively, these findings elucidate when and how self-relevance influences decisional processing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1223-1239
Number of pages17
JournalMemory & Cognition
Volume45
Issue number7
Early online date7 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

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Task Performance and Analysis
Decision Making
Research
Construal
Stimulus

Keywords

  • social cognition
  • self
  • temporal construal
  • drift diffusion model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Self-prioritization and perceptual matching : The effects of temporal construal. / Golubickis, Marius; Falben, Johanna Katariina; Sahraie, Arash; Visokomogilski, Aleksandar ; Cunningham, William A. ; Sui, Jie; Macrae, C. Neil.

In: Memory & Cognition, Vol. 45, No. 7, 10.2017, p. 1223-1239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Golubickis, M, Falben, JK, Sahraie, A, Visokomogilski, A, Cunningham, WA, Sui, J & Macrae, CN 2017, 'Self-prioritization and perceptual matching: The effects of temporal construal', Memory & Cognition, vol. 45, no. 7, pp. 1223-1239. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-017-0722-3
Golubickis M, Falben JK, Sahraie A, Visokomogilski A, Cunningham WA, Sui J et al. Self-prioritization and perceptual matching: The effects of temporal construal. Memory & Cognition. 2017 Oct;45(7):1223-1239. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13421-017-0722-3
Golubickis, Marius ; Falben, Johanna Katariina ; Sahraie, Arash ; Visokomogilski, Aleksandar ; Cunningham, William A. ; Sui, Jie ; Macrae, C. Neil. / Self-prioritization and perceptual matching : The effects of temporal construal. In: Memory & Cognition. 2017 ; Vol. 45, No. 7. pp. 1223-1239.
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