Self-Reported Facial Pain in UK Biobank Study: Prevalence and Associated Factors

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of facial pain and to examine the hypothesis that symptoms are associated with socio-demographic, dental, adverse psychological factors and pain elsewhere in the body.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional population data were obtained from UK Biobank (www.ukbiobank.ac.uk/) study which was conducted in 2006 - 2010 and recruited over 500,000 people.

RESULTS: The overall prevalence of facial pain (FP) was 1.9% (women 2.4%, men 1.2%) of which 48% was chronic. The highest prevalence was found in the 51 - 55 age group (2.2%) and the lowest in the 66 - 73 age group (1.4%). There was a difference in prevalence by ethnicity (0.8% and 2.7% in persons reporting themselves as Chinese and Mixed respectively). Prevalence of FP significantly associated with all measures of social class with the most deprived and on lowest income showing the highest prevalence (2.5% and 2.4% respectively). FP was more common in individuals who rated themselves as extremely unhappy, had history of depression and reported sleep problems. Smoking associated with increase in reporting FP while alcohol consumption had inverse association. FP associated with history of painful gums, toothache and all types of regional pain.

CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest ever study to provide estimates of facial pain prevalence. It demonstrates unique features (lower prevalence than previously reported) and common features (more common in women) and confirms multifactorial aetiology of facial pain. Significant association with psychological distress and a strong relationship to pain elsewhere in the body suggests that aetiology is not specific to this regional pain.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e2
JournalJournal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

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Facial Pain
Cross-Sectional Studies
Pain
Age Groups
Toothache
Psychology
Gingiva
Social Class
Alcohol Drinking
Tooth
Sleep
Smoking
Demography
Depression

Keywords

  • facial pain
  • orofacial pain
  • epidemiology
  • risk factors

Cite this

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title = "Self-Reported Facial Pain in UK Biobank Study: Prevalence and Associated Factors",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of facial pain and to examine the hypothesis that symptoms are associated with socio-demographic, dental, adverse psychological factors and pain elsewhere in the body.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional population data were obtained from UK Biobank (www.ukbiobank.ac.uk/) study which was conducted in 2006 - 2010 and recruited over 500,000 people.RESULTS: The overall prevalence of facial pain (FP) was 1.9{\%} (women 2.4{\%}, men 1.2{\%}) of which 48{\%} was chronic. The highest prevalence was found in the 51 - 55 age group (2.2{\%}) and the lowest in the 66 - 73 age group (1.4{\%}). There was a difference in prevalence by ethnicity (0.8{\%} and 2.7{\%} in persons reporting themselves as Chinese and Mixed respectively). Prevalence of FP significantly associated with all measures of social class with the most deprived and on lowest income showing the highest prevalence (2.5{\%} and 2.4{\%} respectively). FP was more common in individuals who rated themselves as extremely unhappy, had history of depression and reported sleep problems. Smoking associated with increase in reporting FP while alcohol consumption had inverse association. FP associated with history of painful gums, toothache and all types of regional pain.CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest ever study to provide estimates of facial pain prevalence. It demonstrates unique features (lower prevalence than previously reported) and common features (more common in women) and confirms multifactorial aetiology of facial pain. Significant association with psychological distress and a strong relationship to pain elsewhere in the body suggests that aetiology is not specific to this regional pain.",
keywords = "facial pain, orofacial pain, epidemiology, risk factors",
author = "Tatiana MacFarlane and Marcus Beasley and Macfarlane, {Gary J}",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
doi = "10.5037/jomr.2014.5302",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "e2",
journal = "Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research",
issn = "2029-283X",
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T1 - Self-Reported Facial Pain in UK Biobank Study

T2 - Prevalence and Associated Factors

AU - MacFarlane, Tatiana

AU - Beasley, Marcus

AU - Macfarlane, Gary J

PY - 2014/7

Y1 - 2014/7

N2 - OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of facial pain and to examine the hypothesis that symptoms are associated with socio-demographic, dental, adverse psychological factors and pain elsewhere in the body.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional population data were obtained from UK Biobank (www.ukbiobank.ac.uk/) study which was conducted in 2006 - 2010 and recruited over 500,000 people.RESULTS: The overall prevalence of facial pain (FP) was 1.9% (women 2.4%, men 1.2%) of which 48% was chronic. The highest prevalence was found in the 51 - 55 age group (2.2%) and the lowest in the 66 - 73 age group (1.4%). There was a difference in prevalence by ethnicity (0.8% and 2.7% in persons reporting themselves as Chinese and Mixed respectively). Prevalence of FP significantly associated with all measures of social class with the most deprived and on lowest income showing the highest prevalence (2.5% and 2.4% respectively). FP was more common in individuals who rated themselves as extremely unhappy, had history of depression and reported sleep problems. Smoking associated with increase in reporting FP while alcohol consumption had inverse association. FP associated with history of painful gums, toothache and all types of regional pain.CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest ever study to provide estimates of facial pain prevalence. It demonstrates unique features (lower prevalence than previously reported) and common features (more common in women) and confirms multifactorial aetiology of facial pain. Significant association with psychological distress and a strong relationship to pain elsewhere in the body suggests that aetiology is not specific to this regional pain.

AB - OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of facial pain and to examine the hypothesis that symptoms are associated with socio-demographic, dental, adverse psychological factors and pain elsewhere in the body.MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional population data were obtained from UK Biobank (www.ukbiobank.ac.uk/) study which was conducted in 2006 - 2010 and recruited over 500,000 people.RESULTS: The overall prevalence of facial pain (FP) was 1.9% (women 2.4%, men 1.2%) of which 48% was chronic. The highest prevalence was found in the 51 - 55 age group (2.2%) and the lowest in the 66 - 73 age group (1.4%). There was a difference in prevalence by ethnicity (0.8% and 2.7% in persons reporting themselves as Chinese and Mixed respectively). Prevalence of FP significantly associated with all measures of social class with the most deprived and on lowest income showing the highest prevalence (2.5% and 2.4% respectively). FP was more common in individuals who rated themselves as extremely unhappy, had history of depression and reported sleep problems. Smoking associated with increase in reporting FP while alcohol consumption had inverse association. FP associated with history of painful gums, toothache and all types of regional pain.CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest ever study to provide estimates of facial pain prevalence. It demonstrates unique features (lower prevalence than previously reported) and common features (more common in women) and confirms multifactorial aetiology of facial pain. Significant association with psychological distress and a strong relationship to pain elsewhere in the body suggests that aetiology is not specific to this regional pain.

KW - facial pain

KW - orofacial pain

KW - epidemiology

KW - risk factors

U2 - 10.5037/jomr.2014.5302

DO - 10.5037/jomr.2014.5302

M3 - Article

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VL - 5

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JO - Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research

JF - Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Research

SN - 2029-283X

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ER -