Sensing bilayer tension: bacterial mechanosensitive channels and their gating mechanisms

Ian R. Booth, Tim Rasmussen, Michelle D. Edwards, Susan Black, Akiko Rasmussen, Wendy Bartlett, Samantha Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mechanosensitive channels sense and respond to changes in bilayer tension. In many respects, this is a unique property: the changes in membrane tension gate the channel, leading to the transient formation of open non-selective pores. Pore diameter is also high for the bacterial channels studied, MscS and MscL. Consequently, in cells, gating has severe consequences for energetics and homoeostasis, since membrane depolarization and modi¿cation of cytoplasmic ionic composition is an immediate consequence. Protection against disruption of cellular integrity, which is the function of the major channels, provides a strong evolutionary rationale for possession of such disruptive channels. The elegant crystal structures for these channels has opened the way to detailed investigations that combine molecular genetics with electrophysiology and studies of cellular behaviour. In the present article, the focus is primarily on the
structure of MscS, the small mechanosensitive channel. The description of the structure is accompanied by discussion of the major sites of channel–lipid interaction and reasoned, but limited, speculation on thepotential mechanisms of tension sensing leading to gating.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)733-740
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Society Transactions
Volume39
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2011

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