Sex-related differences in vision are heterogeneous

Albulena Shaqiri, Maya Roinishvili, Lukasz Grzeczkowski, Eka Chkonia, Karin Pilz, Christine Mohr, Andreas Brand, Marina Kunchulia, Michael H. Herzog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)
7 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Despite well-established sex differences for cognition, audition, and somatosensation, few studies have investigated whether there are also sex differences in visual perception. We report the results of fifteen perceptual measures (such as visual acuity, visual backward masking, contrast detection threshold or motion detection) for a cohort of over 800 participants. On six of the fifteen tests, males significantly outperformed females. On no test did females significantly outperform males. Given this heterogeneity of the sex effects, it is unlikely that the sex differences are due to any single mechanism. A practical consequence of the results is that it is important to control for sex in vision research, and that findings of sex differences for cognitive measures using visually based tasks should confirm that their results cannot be explained by baseline sex differences in visual perception.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7521
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 May 2018

Fingerprint

Sex Characteristics
Visual Perception
Cognition
Hearing
Visual Acuity
Research

Cite this

Shaqiri, A., Roinishvili, M., Grzeczkowski, L., Chkonia, E., Pilz, K., Mohr, C., ... Herzog, M. H. (2018). Sex-related differences in vision are heterogeneous. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 1-10. [7521]. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25298-8

Sex-related differences in vision are heterogeneous. / Shaqiri, Albulena; Roinishvili, Maya; Grzeczkowski, Lukasz; Chkonia, Eka; Pilz, Karin; Mohr, Christine; Brand, Andreas; Kunchulia, Marina; Herzog, Michael H.

In: Scientific Reports, Vol. 8, No. 1, 7521, 14.05.2018, p. 1-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shaqiri, A, Roinishvili, M, Grzeczkowski, L, Chkonia, E, Pilz, K, Mohr, C, Brand, A, Kunchulia, M & Herzog, MH 2018, 'Sex-related differences in vision are heterogeneous', Scientific Reports, vol. 8, no. 1, 7521, pp. 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25298-8
Shaqiri A, Roinishvili M, Grzeczkowski L, Chkonia E, Pilz K, Mohr C et al. Sex-related differences in vision are heterogeneous. Scientific Reports. 2018 May 14;8(1):1-10. 7521. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-25298-8
Shaqiri, Albulena ; Roinishvili, Maya ; Grzeczkowski, Lukasz ; Chkonia, Eka ; Pilz, Karin ; Mohr, Christine ; Brand, Andreas ; Kunchulia, Marina ; Herzog, Michael H. / Sex-related differences in vision are heterogeneous. In: Scientific Reports. 2018 ; Vol. 8, No. 1. pp. 1-10.
@article{710457d446ae4774b932ab2db5a80821,
title = "Sex-related differences in vision are heterogeneous",
abstract = "Despite well-established sex differences for cognition, audition, and somatosensation, few studies have investigated whether there are also sex differences in visual perception. We report the results of fifteen perceptual measures (such as visual acuity, visual backward masking, contrast detection threshold or motion detection) for a cohort of over 800 participants. On six of the fifteen tests, males significantly outperformed females. On no test did females significantly outperform males. Given this heterogeneity of the sex effects, it is unlikely that the sex differences are due to any single mechanism. A practical consequence of the results is that it is important to control for sex in vision research, and that findings of sex differences for cognitive measures using visually based tasks should confirm that their results cannot be explained by baseline sex differences in visual perception.",
author = "Albulena Shaqiri and Maya Roinishvili and Lukasz Grzeczkowski and Eka Chkonia and Karin Pilz and Christine Mohr and Andreas Brand and Marina Kunchulia and Herzog, {Michael H.}",
note = "We would like to thank Britt Anderson and Matt Pachai for their precious help on this manuscript. This work was supported by the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) SYNAPSY of the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) and by the Velux Foundation.",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "14",
doi = "10.1038/s41598-018-25298-8",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "1--10",
journal = "Scientific Reports",
issn = "2045-2322",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Sex-related differences in vision are heterogeneous

AU - Shaqiri, Albulena

AU - Roinishvili, Maya

AU - Grzeczkowski, Lukasz

AU - Chkonia, Eka

AU - Pilz, Karin

AU - Mohr, Christine

AU - Brand, Andreas

AU - Kunchulia, Marina

AU - Herzog, Michael H.

N1 - We would like to thank Britt Anderson and Matt Pachai for their precious help on this manuscript. This work was supported by the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) SYNAPSY of the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) and by the Velux Foundation.

PY - 2018/5/14

Y1 - 2018/5/14

N2 - Despite well-established sex differences for cognition, audition, and somatosensation, few studies have investigated whether there are also sex differences in visual perception. We report the results of fifteen perceptual measures (such as visual acuity, visual backward masking, contrast detection threshold or motion detection) for a cohort of over 800 participants. On six of the fifteen tests, males significantly outperformed females. On no test did females significantly outperform males. Given this heterogeneity of the sex effects, it is unlikely that the sex differences are due to any single mechanism. A practical consequence of the results is that it is important to control for sex in vision research, and that findings of sex differences for cognitive measures using visually based tasks should confirm that their results cannot be explained by baseline sex differences in visual perception.

AB - Despite well-established sex differences for cognition, audition, and somatosensation, few studies have investigated whether there are also sex differences in visual perception. We report the results of fifteen perceptual measures (such as visual acuity, visual backward masking, contrast detection threshold or motion detection) for a cohort of over 800 participants. On six of the fifteen tests, males significantly outperformed females. On no test did females significantly outperform males. Given this heterogeneity of the sex effects, it is unlikely that the sex differences are due to any single mechanism. A practical consequence of the results is that it is important to control for sex in vision research, and that findings of sex differences for cognitive measures using visually based tasks should confirm that their results cannot be explained by baseline sex differences in visual perception.

U2 - 10.1038/s41598-018-25298-8

DO - 10.1038/s41598-018-25298-8

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 1

EP - 10

JO - Scientific Reports

JF - Scientific Reports

SN - 2045-2322

IS - 1

M1 - 7521

ER -