Shared attention for action selection and action monitoring in goal-directed reaching

Aoife Mahon, Solveiga Bendžiūtė, Constanze Hesse, Amelia R. Hunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Dual-task studies have shown higher sensitivity for stimuli presented at the targets of upcoming actions. We examined whether attention is directed to action targets for the purpose of action selection, or if attention is directed to
these locations because they are expected to provide feedback about movement outcomes. In our experiment, end-point accuracy feedback was spatially separated from the action targets to determine whether attention would be allocated to a) the action targets, b) the expected source of feedback, or c) to
both locations. Participants reached towards a location indicated by an arrow while identifying a discrimination target that could appear in any one of eight possible locations. Discrimination target accuracy was used as a measure of attention allocation. Participants were unable to see their hand during
reaching and were provided with a small monetary reward for each accurate movement. Discrimination target accuracy was best at action targets but was
also enhanced at the spatially separated feedback locations. Separating feedback from the reaching targets did not diminish discrimination accuracy at the movement targets but did result in delayed movement initiation and reduced
reaching accuracy, relative to when feedback was presented at the reaching target. The results suggest attention is required for both action planning
and monitoring movement outcomes. Dividing attention between these functions negatively impacts action performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychological Research
Early online date10 Aug 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 10 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

Reward
Monitoring
Hand
Discrimination (Psychology)
Discrimination
Arrow
Stimulus
Experiment
Dual Task

Keywords

  • Feedback
  • movement outcomes
  • pointing
  • movement monitoring
  • dual-task

Cite this

Shared attention for action selection and action monitoring in goal-directed reaching. / Mahon, Aoife; Bendžiūtė, Solveiga; Hesse, Constanze; Hunt, Amelia R.

In: Psychological Research, 10.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Dual-task studies have shown higher sensitivity for stimuli presented at the targets of upcoming actions. We examined whether attention is directed to action targets for the purpose of action selection, or if attention is directed tothese locations because they are expected to provide feedback about movement outcomes. In our experiment, end-point accuracy feedback was spatially separated from the action targets to determine whether attention would be allocated to a) the action targets, b) the expected source of feedback, or c) toboth locations. Participants reached towards a location indicated by an arrow while identifying a discrimination target that could appear in any one of eight possible locations. Discrimination target accuracy was used as a measure of attention allocation. Participants were unable to see their hand during reaching and were provided with a small monetary reward for each accurate movement. Discrimination target accuracy was best at action targets but wasalso enhanced at the spatially separated feedback locations. Separating feedback from the reaching targets did not diminish discrimination accuracy at the movement targets but did result in delayed movement initiation and reduced reaching accuracy, relative to when feedback was presented at the reaching target. The results suggest attention is required for both action planningand monitoring movement outcomes. Dividing attention between these functions negatively impacts action performance.",
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author = "Aoife Mahon and Solveiga Bendžiūtė and Constanze Hesse and Hunt, {Amelia R.}",
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N2 - Dual-task studies have shown higher sensitivity for stimuli presented at the targets of upcoming actions. We examined whether attention is directed to action targets for the purpose of action selection, or if attention is directed tothese locations because they are expected to provide feedback about movement outcomes. In our experiment, end-point accuracy feedback was spatially separated from the action targets to determine whether attention would be allocated to a) the action targets, b) the expected source of feedback, or c) toboth locations. Participants reached towards a location indicated by an arrow while identifying a discrimination target that could appear in any one of eight possible locations. Discrimination target accuracy was used as a measure of attention allocation. Participants were unable to see their hand during reaching and were provided with a small monetary reward for each accurate movement. Discrimination target accuracy was best at action targets but wasalso enhanced at the spatially separated feedback locations. Separating feedback from the reaching targets did not diminish discrimination accuracy at the movement targets but did result in delayed movement initiation and reduced reaching accuracy, relative to when feedback was presented at the reaching target. The results suggest attention is required for both action planningand monitoring movement outcomes. Dividing attention between these functions negatively impacts action performance.

AB - Dual-task studies have shown higher sensitivity for stimuli presented at the targets of upcoming actions. We examined whether attention is directed to action targets for the purpose of action selection, or if attention is directed tothese locations because they are expected to provide feedback about movement outcomes. In our experiment, end-point accuracy feedback was spatially separated from the action targets to determine whether attention would be allocated to a) the action targets, b) the expected source of feedback, or c) toboth locations. Participants reached towards a location indicated by an arrow while identifying a discrimination target that could appear in any one of eight possible locations. Discrimination target accuracy was used as a measure of attention allocation. Participants were unable to see their hand during reaching and were provided with a small monetary reward for each accurate movement. Discrimination target accuracy was best at action targets but wasalso enhanced at the spatially separated feedback locations. Separating feedback from the reaching targets did not diminish discrimination accuracy at the movement targets but did result in delayed movement initiation and reduced reaching accuracy, relative to when feedback was presented at the reaching target. The results suggest attention is required for both action planningand monitoring movement outcomes. Dividing attention between these functions negatively impacts action performance.

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