Shear fractures in anisotropic ductile materials: An experimental approach

Enrique Gomez-Rivas*, Albert Griera

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


Analogue models have been used to investigate the influence of planar mechanical anisotropy on the orientation of shear fractures in an elastoviscous-brittle material. Multilayered models consisting of a mixture of plasticine, vaseline and preferentially-oriented paper flakes have been coaxially deformed for this purpose. The evolution of the orientation, length and connectivity of fracture sets has been systematically analysed with progressive coaxial deformation. The experimental results show that the orientation of fractures with respect to the deformation axes depends on the orientation of transverse anisotropy. Two symmetrical sets of shear fractures are formed in models with layering parallel to the extension axis X, while the fracture network is asymmetrical with respect to the deformation axes for cases with oblique anisotropy. The average dihedral angles between fracture sets are higher than 100 degrees, with the obtuse bisector between the two sets oriented perpendicular to layers. The stress fields calculated from fracture data differ from the boundary conditions applied by the deformation apparatus. This misorientation is related to the degree of anisotropy. In models with high oblique anisotropy both fracture arrays rotate in a dextral sense together with layers towards the X-axis, indicating that the presence of a strong anisotropy controls their evolution with progressive deformation. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-76
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
Early online date9 Nov 2011
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012


  • shear fracture
  • anisotropy
  • layering
  • fracture orientation
  • stress field
  • multilayer
  • single-crystals
  • deformation experiments
  • vorticity analysis
  • biaxial tests
  • rock masses
  • strain
  • bands
  • brittle
  • fluid
  • zones


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