Short term effects of particulate air pollution on cardiovascular diseases in eight European cities

A. Le Terte, S. Medina, E. Sandi, B. Forsberg, Jonathan Geoffrey Ayres, P. Michelozzi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    325 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Study objective: As part of the APHEA project this study examined the association between airborne particles and hospital admissions for cardiac causes (ICD9 390-429) in eight European cities (Barcelona, Birmingham, London, Milan, the Netherlands, Paris, Rome, and Stockholm). All admissions were studied, as well as admissions stratified by age. The association for ischaemic heart disease (ICD9 410-413) and stroke (ICD9 430-438) was also studied, also stratified by age.

    Design: Autoregressive Paisson models were used that controlled for long term trend, season, influenza epidemics, and meteorology to assess the short-term effects of particles in each city. The study also examined confounding by other pollutants. City specific results were pooled in a second stage regression to obtain more stable estimates and examine the sources of heterogeneity.

    Main results: The pooled percentage increases associated with a 10 mug/m(3) increase in PM10 and black smoke were respectively 0.5% (95% CI: 0.2 to 0.8) and 1.1% (95% CI: 0.4 to 1.8) for cardiac admissions of all ages, 0.7% (95% CI: 0.4 to 1.0) and 1.3% (95% Cl: 0,4 to 2.2) for cardiac admissions over 65 years, and, 0.8% (95% CI: 0.3 to 1.2) and 1.1% (95% CI: 0.7 to 1.5) for ischaemic heart disease over 65 years. The effect of PM10 was little changed by control for ozone or SO2, but was substantially reduced (CO) or eliminated (NO2) by control for other traffic related pollutants. The effect of black smoke remained practically unchanged controlling for CO and only somewhat reduced controlling for NO2.

    Conclusions: These effects of particulate air pollution on cardiac admissions suggest the primary effect is likely to be mainly attributable to diesel exhaust.

    Results for ischaemic heart disease below 65 years and for stroke over 65 years were inconclusive.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)773-779
    Number of pages6
    JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
    Volume56
    Issue number10
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2002

    Keywords

    • HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY
    • DAILY TIME-SERIES
    • HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS
    • APHEA PROJECT
    • DAILY MORTALITY
    • RESPIRATORY-DISEASES
    • CARDIAC-ARRHYTHMIA
    • US CITIES
    • PARTICLES
    • METAANALYSIS

    Cite this

    Short term effects of particulate air pollution on cardiovascular diseases in eight European cities. / Le Terte, A.; Medina, S.; Sandi, E.; Forsberg, B.; Ayres, Jonathan Geoffrey; Michelozzi, P.

    In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, Vol. 56, No. 10, 10.2002, p. 773-779.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Le Terte, A. ; Medina, S. ; Sandi, E. ; Forsberg, B. ; Ayres, Jonathan Geoffrey ; Michelozzi, P. / Short term effects of particulate air pollution on cardiovascular diseases in eight European cities. In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. 2002 ; Vol. 56, No. 10. pp. 773-779.
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    abstract = "Study objective: As part of the APHEA project this study examined the association between airborne particles and hospital admissions for cardiac causes (ICD9 390-429) in eight European cities (Barcelona, Birmingham, London, Milan, the Netherlands, Paris, Rome, and Stockholm). All admissions were studied, as well as admissions stratified by age. The association for ischaemic heart disease (ICD9 410-413) and stroke (ICD9 430-438) was also studied, also stratified by age.Design: Autoregressive Paisson models were used that controlled for long term trend, season, influenza epidemics, and meteorology to assess the short-term effects of particles in each city. The study also examined confounding by other pollutants. City specific results were pooled in a second stage regression to obtain more stable estimates and examine the sources of heterogeneity.Main results: The pooled percentage increases associated with a 10 mug/m(3) increase in PM10 and black smoke were respectively 0.5{\%} (95{\%} CI: 0.2 to 0.8) and 1.1{\%} (95{\%} CI: 0.4 to 1.8) for cardiac admissions of all ages, 0.7{\%} (95{\%} CI: 0.4 to 1.0) and 1.3{\%} (95{\%} Cl: 0,4 to 2.2) for cardiac admissions over 65 years, and, 0.8{\%} (95{\%} CI: 0.3 to 1.2) and 1.1{\%} (95{\%} CI: 0.7 to 1.5) for ischaemic heart disease over 65 years. The effect of PM10 was little changed by control for ozone or SO2, but was substantially reduced (CO) or eliminated (NO2) by control for other traffic related pollutants. The effect of black smoke remained practically unchanged controlling for CO and only somewhat reduced controlling for NO2.Conclusions: These effects of particulate air pollution on cardiac admissions suggest the primary effect is likely to be mainly attributable to diesel exhaust.Results for ischaemic heart disease below 65 years and for stroke over 65 years were inconclusive.",
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    T1 - Short term effects of particulate air pollution on cardiovascular diseases in eight European cities

    AU - Le Terte, A.

    AU - Medina, S.

    AU - Sandi, E.

    AU - Forsberg, B.

    AU - Ayres, Jonathan Geoffrey

    AU - Michelozzi, P.

    PY - 2002/10

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    N2 - Study objective: As part of the APHEA project this study examined the association between airborne particles and hospital admissions for cardiac causes (ICD9 390-429) in eight European cities (Barcelona, Birmingham, London, Milan, the Netherlands, Paris, Rome, and Stockholm). All admissions were studied, as well as admissions stratified by age. The association for ischaemic heart disease (ICD9 410-413) and stroke (ICD9 430-438) was also studied, also stratified by age.Design: Autoregressive Paisson models were used that controlled for long term trend, season, influenza epidemics, and meteorology to assess the short-term effects of particles in each city. The study also examined confounding by other pollutants. City specific results were pooled in a second stage regression to obtain more stable estimates and examine the sources of heterogeneity.Main results: The pooled percentage increases associated with a 10 mug/m(3) increase in PM10 and black smoke were respectively 0.5% (95% CI: 0.2 to 0.8) and 1.1% (95% CI: 0.4 to 1.8) for cardiac admissions of all ages, 0.7% (95% CI: 0.4 to 1.0) and 1.3% (95% Cl: 0,4 to 2.2) for cardiac admissions over 65 years, and, 0.8% (95% CI: 0.3 to 1.2) and 1.1% (95% CI: 0.7 to 1.5) for ischaemic heart disease over 65 years. The effect of PM10 was little changed by control for ozone or SO2, but was substantially reduced (CO) or eliminated (NO2) by control for other traffic related pollutants. The effect of black smoke remained practically unchanged controlling for CO and only somewhat reduced controlling for NO2.Conclusions: These effects of particulate air pollution on cardiac admissions suggest the primary effect is likely to be mainly attributable to diesel exhaust.Results for ischaemic heart disease below 65 years and for stroke over 65 years were inconclusive.

    AB - Study objective: As part of the APHEA project this study examined the association between airborne particles and hospital admissions for cardiac causes (ICD9 390-429) in eight European cities (Barcelona, Birmingham, London, Milan, the Netherlands, Paris, Rome, and Stockholm). All admissions were studied, as well as admissions stratified by age. The association for ischaemic heart disease (ICD9 410-413) and stroke (ICD9 430-438) was also studied, also stratified by age.Design: Autoregressive Paisson models were used that controlled for long term trend, season, influenza epidemics, and meteorology to assess the short-term effects of particles in each city. The study also examined confounding by other pollutants. City specific results were pooled in a second stage regression to obtain more stable estimates and examine the sources of heterogeneity.Main results: The pooled percentage increases associated with a 10 mug/m(3) increase in PM10 and black smoke were respectively 0.5% (95% CI: 0.2 to 0.8) and 1.1% (95% CI: 0.4 to 1.8) for cardiac admissions of all ages, 0.7% (95% CI: 0.4 to 1.0) and 1.3% (95% Cl: 0,4 to 2.2) for cardiac admissions over 65 years, and, 0.8% (95% CI: 0.3 to 1.2) and 1.1% (95% CI: 0.7 to 1.5) for ischaemic heart disease over 65 years. The effect of PM10 was little changed by control for ozone or SO2, but was substantially reduced (CO) or eliminated (NO2) by control for other traffic related pollutants. The effect of black smoke remained practically unchanged controlling for CO and only somewhat reduced controlling for NO2.Conclusions: These effects of particulate air pollution on cardiac admissions suggest the primary effect is likely to be mainly attributable to diesel exhaust.Results for ischaemic heart disease below 65 years and for stroke over 65 years were inconclusive.

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    KW - DAILY TIME-SERIES

    KW - HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS

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    KW - RESPIRATORY-DISEASES

    KW - CARDIAC-ARRHYTHMIA

    KW - US CITIES

    KW - PARTICLES

    KW - METAANALYSIS

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