Simulation of N2O fluxes from Irish arable soils

effect of climate change and management

Mohamed Abdalla, Mike Jones, Mike Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) from an Irish arable soil were simulated using the DeNitrification–DeComposition (DNDC) model. The soil chosen was a free-draining sandy loam typical of the majority of cereal growing land in Ireland, and one that has been previously used to test and validate DNDC-model. DeNitrification–DeComposition model was considered suitable to estimate N2O fluxes from Irish arable soils however, underestimated the flux by 24%. The objectives of this study were to estimate future N2O fluxes from a spring barley field under conventional (moulboard plowing) and reduced (chisel plowing) tillage and different N-fertilzer application rates. Three climate scenarios, a baseline of measured climatic data from the weather station at Kilkenny and a high- and low-temperature-sensitive scenarios predicted by the Hadley Global Climate Model (HadCM4) based on the AB1 emission scenario of the Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were investigated. For conventional tillage under all scenarios, three peaks of N2O emissions were predicted; an early spring peak coinciding mostly with soil plowing, a mid/late spring peak coinciding with fertilizer application and an early autumn peak coinciding with residue incorporation and onset of autumn rainfall. Under reduced tillage, due to the less amount of soil disturbance, the early spring peak was not predicted. In all cases, the total amount of N2O emitted in the late spring peak due to fertilizer application was less than the sum of the other peaks. Under climate change, using the high-temperature-increase scenario, DNDC predicted an increase in N2O emissions from both conventional and reduced tillage, ranging from 58% to 88% depending upon N application rate. In contrast, annual fluxes of N2O either decreased or increased slightly in the low temperature increase scenario relative to N application (−26 to +16%). Outputs from the model indicate that elevated temperature and precipitation increase N mineralization and total denitrification leading to greater fluxes of N2O. Annual uncertainties due to the use of two different future climate scenarios were significantly high, ranging from 74% to 95% and from 71% to 90% for the conventional and reduced tillage.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-260
Number of pages14
JournalBiology and Fertility of Soils
Volume46
Issue number3
Early online date18 Nov 2009
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2010

Fingerprint

Climate Change
arable soils
nitrous oxide
tillage
Soil
climate change
plowing
Temperature
Climate
reduced tillage
conventional tillage
simulation
Fertilizers
fertilizer application
soil
temperature
application rate
autumn
Denitrification
chiseling

Keywords

  • climate change
  • nitrous oxide
  • management
  • arable soils

Cite this

Simulation of N2O fluxes from Irish arable soils : effect of climate change and management. / Abdalla, Mohamed; Jones, Mike; Williams, Mike.

In: Biology and Fertility of Soils, Vol. 46, No. 3, 03.2010, p. 247-260.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Simulation of N2O fluxes from Irish arable soils: effect of climate change and management",
abstract = "Emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) from an Irish arable soil were simulated using the DeNitrification–DeComposition (DNDC) model. The soil chosen was a free-draining sandy loam typical of the majority of cereal growing land in Ireland, and one that has been previously used to test and validate DNDC-model. DeNitrification–DeComposition model was considered suitable to estimate N2O fluxes from Irish arable soils however, underestimated the flux by 24{\%}. The objectives of this study were to estimate future N2O fluxes from a spring barley field under conventional (moulboard plowing) and reduced (chisel plowing) tillage and different N-fertilzer application rates. Three climate scenarios, a baseline of measured climatic data from the weather station at Kilkenny and a high- and low-temperature-sensitive scenarios predicted by the Hadley Global Climate Model (HadCM4) based on the AB1 emission scenario of the Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were investigated. For conventional tillage under all scenarios, three peaks of N2O emissions were predicted; an early spring peak coinciding mostly with soil plowing, a mid/late spring peak coinciding with fertilizer application and an early autumn peak coinciding with residue incorporation and onset of autumn rainfall. Under reduced tillage, due to the less amount of soil disturbance, the early spring peak was not predicted. In all cases, the total amount of N2O emitted in the late spring peak due to fertilizer application was less than the sum of the other peaks. Under climate change, using the high-temperature-increase scenario, DNDC predicted an increase in N2O emissions from both conventional and reduced tillage, ranging from 58{\%} to 88{\%} depending upon N application rate. In contrast, annual fluxes of N2O either decreased or increased slightly in the low temperature increase scenario relative to N application (−26 to +16{\%}). Outputs from the model indicate that elevated temperature and precipitation increase N mineralization and total denitrification leading to greater fluxes of N2O. Annual uncertainties due to the use of two different future climate scenarios were significantly high, ranging from 74{\%} to 95{\%} and from 71{\%} to 90{\%} for the conventional and reduced tillage.",
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N2 - Emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) from an Irish arable soil were simulated using the DeNitrification–DeComposition (DNDC) model. The soil chosen was a free-draining sandy loam typical of the majority of cereal growing land in Ireland, and one that has been previously used to test and validate DNDC-model. DeNitrification–DeComposition model was considered suitable to estimate N2O fluxes from Irish arable soils however, underestimated the flux by 24%. The objectives of this study were to estimate future N2O fluxes from a spring barley field under conventional (moulboard plowing) and reduced (chisel plowing) tillage and different N-fertilzer application rates. Three climate scenarios, a baseline of measured climatic data from the weather station at Kilkenny and a high- and low-temperature-sensitive scenarios predicted by the Hadley Global Climate Model (HadCM4) based on the AB1 emission scenario of the Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were investigated. For conventional tillage under all scenarios, three peaks of N2O emissions were predicted; an early spring peak coinciding mostly with soil plowing, a mid/late spring peak coinciding with fertilizer application and an early autumn peak coinciding with residue incorporation and onset of autumn rainfall. Under reduced tillage, due to the less amount of soil disturbance, the early spring peak was not predicted. In all cases, the total amount of N2O emitted in the late spring peak due to fertilizer application was less than the sum of the other peaks. Under climate change, using the high-temperature-increase scenario, DNDC predicted an increase in N2O emissions from both conventional and reduced tillage, ranging from 58% to 88% depending upon N application rate. In contrast, annual fluxes of N2O either decreased or increased slightly in the low temperature increase scenario relative to N application (−26 to +16%). Outputs from the model indicate that elevated temperature and precipitation increase N mineralization and total denitrification leading to greater fluxes of N2O. Annual uncertainties due to the use of two different future climate scenarios were significantly high, ranging from 74% to 95% and from 71% to 90% for the conventional and reduced tillage.

AB - Emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) from an Irish arable soil were simulated using the DeNitrification–DeComposition (DNDC) model. The soil chosen was a free-draining sandy loam typical of the majority of cereal growing land in Ireland, and one that has been previously used to test and validate DNDC-model. DeNitrification–DeComposition model was considered suitable to estimate N2O fluxes from Irish arable soils however, underestimated the flux by 24%. The objectives of this study were to estimate future N2O fluxes from a spring barley field under conventional (moulboard plowing) and reduced (chisel plowing) tillage and different N-fertilzer application rates. Three climate scenarios, a baseline of measured climatic data from the weather station at Kilkenny and a high- and low-temperature-sensitive scenarios predicted by the Hadley Global Climate Model (HadCM4) based on the AB1 emission scenario of the Intergovernment Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) were investigated. For conventional tillage under all scenarios, three peaks of N2O emissions were predicted; an early spring peak coinciding mostly with soil plowing, a mid/late spring peak coinciding with fertilizer application and an early autumn peak coinciding with residue incorporation and onset of autumn rainfall. Under reduced tillage, due to the less amount of soil disturbance, the early spring peak was not predicted. In all cases, the total amount of N2O emitted in the late spring peak due to fertilizer application was less than the sum of the other peaks. Under climate change, using the high-temperature-increase scenario, DNDC predicted an increase in N2O emissions from both conventional and reduced tillage, ranging from 58% to 88% depending upon N application rate. In contrast, annual fluxes of N2O either decreased or increased slightly in the low temperature increase scenario relative to N application (−26 to +16%). Outputs from the model indicate that elevated temperature and precipitation increase N mineralization and total denitrification leading to greater fluxes of N2O. Annual uncertainties due to the use of two different future climate scenarios were significantly high, ranging from 74% to 95% and from 71% to 90% for the conventional and reduced tillage.

KW - climate change

KW - nitrous oxide

KW - management

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JF - Biology and Fertility of Soils

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ER -