Skill acquisition as a function of age, hand and task difficulty

Interactions between cognition and action

Rachael K Raw, Richard M Wilkie (Corresponding Author), Richard J Allen, Matthew Warburton, Matteo Leonetti, Justin H G Williams, Mark Mon-Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Some activities can be meaningfully dichotomised as 'cognitive' or 'sensorimotor' in nature-but many cannot. This has radical implications for understanding activity limitation in disability. For example, older adults take longer to learn the serial order of a complex sequence but also exhibit slower, more variable and inaccurate motor performance. So is their impaired skill acquisition a cognitive or motor deficit? We modelled sequence learning as a process involving a limited capacity buffer (working memory), where reduced performance restricts the number of elements that can be stored. To test this model, we examined the relationship between motor performance and sequence learning. Experiment 1 established that older adults were worse at learning the serial order of a complex sequence. Experiment 2 found that participants showed impaired sequence learning when the non-preferred hand was used. Experiment 3 confirmed that serial order learning is impaired when motor demands increase (as the model predicted). These results can be captured by reinforcement learning frameworks which suggest sequence learning will be constrained both by an individual's sensorimotor ability and cognitive capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0211706
JournalPloS ONE
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Feb 2019

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cognition
Cognition
hands
learning
Hand
Learning
Serial Learning
Experiments
Reinforcement learning
Aptitude
Buffers
Short-Term Memory
Data storage equipment
buffers
testing

Keywords

  • WORKING-MEMORY CAPACITY
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • MOTOR
  • MOVEMENT
  • COORDINATION
  • BRAIN
  • SEGMENTATION
  • ASYMMETRY
  • SEQUENCES
  • DEMENTIA

Cite this

Raw, R. K., Wilkie, R. M., Allen, R. J., Warburton, M., Leonetti, M., Williams, J. H. G., & Mon-Williams, M. (2019). Skill acquisition as a function of age, hand and task difficulty: Interactions between cognition and action. PloS ONE, 14(2), [e0211706]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0211706

Skill acquisition as a function of age, hand and task difficulty : Interactions between cognition and action. / Raw, Rachael K; Wilkie, Richard M (Corresponding Author); Allen, Richard J; Warburton, Matthew; Leonetti, Matteo; Williams, Justin H G; Mon-Williams, Mark.

In: PloS ONE, Vol. 14, No. 2, e0211706, 07.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Raw, Rachael K ; Wilkie, Richard M ; Allen, Richard J ; Warburton, Matthew ; Leonetti, Matteo ; Williams, Justin H G ; Mon-Williams, Mark. / Skill acquisition as a function of age, hand and task difficulty : Interactions between cognition and action. In: PloS ONE. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 2.
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