Efficiency in passage times is an important issue in designing networks, such as transportation or computer networks. The small-world networks have structures that yield high efficiency, while keeping the network highly clustered. We show that among all networks with the small-world structure, the most efficient ones have a "single center" node, from which all shortcuts are connected to uniformly distributed nodes over the network. The networks with several centers and a connected subnetwork of shortcuts are shown to be "almost" as efficient. Genetic-algorithm simulations further support our results.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear and Soft Matter Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2002|