Soil physics meets soil biology

Towards better mechanistic prediction of greenhouse gas emissions from soil

Sergey Blagodatsky, Pete Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

94 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the issues hampering progress in modelling greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from soils is a lack of co-ordination between models originating from different disciplines: soil physics and soil biology. We have reviewed recent advances in modelling both gaseous transport and the biochemical processes in the soil that lead to the emission of the main biogeneic GHGs: CO2, N2O, and CH4. The precise coupling of gaseous transport and biochemistry is necessary because CH4 and N2O can be both produced and consumed in soil, and eventual flux to the atmosphere depends on the position of reaction sites and the escape pathways for these gases. The CO2 production rate depends in turn on the efficiency of oxygen transport in the soil. Principles leading to successful simulation are: keeping a balanced level of detail in coupled model systems describing biochemical reactions and transport; reduction of unnecessary complexity by means of using the most essential relationships elucidated by comprehensive statistical model testing; consideration of all transport mechanisms in relation to prevailing ecological conditions, i.e., diffusion and convection in the air and liquid phases, plant-mediated transport and ebullition.

It is important to model all three major GHG in accord with the description of O-2 and N-2 transport and concentration in soil. This helps: i) to estimate the full global warming potential; ii) to apply the model algorithms considering partial gas pressure and gas species interactions; iii) to describe the O-2 effect on the biochemical processes in soil. We discuss the approaches linking the simple and more complex process-oriented models, and propose a strategy for up-scaling model results from soil aggregate to profile and to the field/catchment. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-92
Number of pages15
JournalSoil Biology and Biochemistry
Volume47
Early online date30 Dec 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

Keywords

  • Modelling
  • Greenhouse gases
  • Diffusion
  • Gaseous transport
  • N2O production and consumption
  • Oxygen
  • Methane
  • Model up-scaling
  • Nitrous-oxide emissions
  • Modelling methane fluxes
  • Solute diffusion-coefficients
  • Carbon-dioxide exchange
  • Pore-size distribution
  • Porous-media
  • N2O emissions
  • Aggregated soils
  • Gaseous-diffusion
  • Undisturbed soil

Cite this

Soil physics meets soil biology : Towards better mechanistic prediction of greenhouse gas emissions from soil. / Blagodatsky, Sergey; Smith, Pete.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 47, 04.2012, p. 78-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

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AB - One of the issues hampering progress in modelling greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from soils is a lack of co-ordination between models originating from different disciplines: soil physics and soil biology. We have reviewed recent advances in modelling both gaseous transport and the biochemical processes in the soil that lead to the emission of the main biogeneic GHGs: CO2, N2O, and CH4. The precise coupling of gaseous transport and biochemistry is necessary because CH4 and N2O can be both produced and consumed in soil, and eventual flux to the atmosphere depends on the position of reaction sites and the escape pathways for these gases. The CO2 production rate depends in turn on the efficiency of oxygen transport in the soil. Principles leading to successful simulation are: keeping a balanced level of detail in coupled model systems describing biochemical reactions and transport; reduction of unnecessary complexity by means of using the most essential relationships elucidated by comprehensive statistical model testing; consideration of all transport mechanisms in relation to prevailing ecological conditions, i.e., diffusion and convection in the air and liquid phases, plant-mediated transport and ebullition.It is important to model all three major GHG in accord with the description of O-2 and N-2 transport and concentration in soil. This helps: i) to estimate the full global warming potential; ii) to apply the model algorithms considering partial gas pressure and gas species interactions; iii) to describe the O-2 effect on the biochemical processes in soil. We discuss the approaches linking the simple and more complex process-oriented models, and propose a strategy for up-scaling model results from soil aggregate to profile and to the field/catchment. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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KW - Pore-size distribution

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KW - Gaseous-diffusion

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JO - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

JF - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

SN - 0038-0717

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