Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 as a predictor of early adverse events in patients with chest pain presumed due to myocardial ischemia

Graham Scott Hillis, C. A. Terregino, P. Taggart, A. Killian, N. Zhao, J. Kaplan, W. C. Dalsey, A. Mangione

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    Study objective: Inflammation plays an important role in acute coronary syndromes, and some evidence indicates that patients with a more pronounced vascular inflammatory response have a poorer outcome. Soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) is a specific marker for vascular endothelial aim of this study was to investigate the cell activation. prognostic value of plasma sICAM-1 levels in patients with acute chest pain compatible with myocardial ischemia.

    Methods: This prospective study was conducted at 2 urban university medical centers. The study cohort consisted of 119 consecutive patients with chest pain in whom myocardial ischemia was suspected clinically at presentation. Patients with conditions that affect sICAM-1 levels were ineligible. Cardiac troponin I (cTnI), C-reactive protein, and sICAM-1 levels were assayed at presentation to the emergency department. The primary end point was the occurrence of a serious cardiac event (death, nonfatal acute myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization) in the hospital.

    Results: Although sICAM-1 levels tended to be higher in patients with a serious cardiac event, there was no significant association. In contrast, a cTnI level greater than 0.2 ng/mL was a powerful predictor of an in-hospital serious cardiac event (odds ratio 16.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 4.7 to 55.9; P<.0001). Soluble ICAM-1 levels of more than 260 ng/mL at presentation had a sensitivity for predicting a serious cardiac event of 63% (95% CI 46% to 81 %) but a specificity of only 47% (95% CI 38% to 57%).

    Conclusion: In a heterogeneous population of patients with chest pain compatible with myocardial ischemia, elevated sICAM-1 levels are poor predictors of an individual patient suffering a serious cardiac event in the hospital.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)223-228
    Number of pages5
    JournalAnnals of Emergency Medicine
    Publication statusPublished - 2001


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