Spatial and temporal variability in Atlantic salmon spawning habitat in braided river channels

a preliminary assessment

Christopher Soulsby, Jane Grant, Christopher Neil Gibbins, Iain Malcolm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The distribution of Atlantic salmon redds was recorded during two spawning seasons (2005 and 2006) along a 4 km braided reach of the river Feshie in the Cairngorm mountains, Scotland. Within this complex reach, four main channels types were differentiated on the basis of geographical water sources, channel morphology and hydrochemistry: (1) the main braided channels of the river Feshie; (2) groundwater channels fed by seepage at the edge of the floodplain; (3) hillslope tributary channels and (4) mixed channels downstream of confluences of two or more of types 1–3. The 2005 season was characterised by high and variable flows. In total, 223 redds were observed which were mainly (64%) located in groundwater channels, with relatively few (9%) in the more extensive sections of main channel. The second year had much lower and more stable flows. Here, a total of 337 redds were observed. The largest number were again located in the groundwater channels (44%), though spawning was more evenly distributed in the other channel types, including the main river (19%). It is hypothesised that the apparently more suitable characteristics of groundwater-fed channels relate to a more stable, richer environment for embryo development and juvenile growth, whilst hydraulic conditions and sediment stability in the main channel may create more adverse conditions for successful recruitment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-586
Number of pages16
JournalAquatic Sciences
Volume74
Issue number3
Early online date1 Mar 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2012

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braided river
river channel
Salmo salar
groundwater
spawning
rivers
habitat
habitats
hydrochemistry
seepage
floodplains
Scotland
fluid mechanics
embryogenesis
mountains
sediments
river
channel morphology
confluence
water

Keywords

  • Atlantic salmon
  • spawning
  • braided rivers
  • hyporheic zone
  • feshie

Cite this

Spatial and temporal variability in Atlantic salmon spawning habitat in braided river channels : a preliminary assessment. / Soulsby, Christopher; Grant, Jane; Gibbins, Christopher Neil; Malcolm, Iain.

In: Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 74, No. 3, 07.2012, p. 571-586.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Soulsby, Christopher ; Grant, Jane ; Gibbins, Christopher Neil ; Malcolm, Iain. / Spatial and temporal variability in Atlantic salmon spawning habitat in braided river channels : a preliminary assessment. In: Aquatic Sciences. 2012 ; Vol. 74, No. 3. pp. 571-586.
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abstract = "The distribution of Atlantic salmon redds was recorded during two spawning seasons (2005 and 2006) along a 4 km braided reach of the river Feshie in the Cairngorm mountains, Scotland. Within this complex reach, four main channels types were differentiated on the basis of geographical water sources, channel morphology and hydrochemistry: (1) the main braided channels of the river Feshie; (2) groundwater channels fed by seepage at the edge of the floodplain; (3) hillslope tributary channels and (4) mixed channels downstream of confluences of two or more of types 1–3. The 2005 season was characterised by high and variable flows. In total, 223 redds were observed which were mainly (64{\%}) located in groundwater channels, with relatively few (9{\%}) in the more extensive sections of main channel. The second year had much lower and more stable flows. Here, a total of 337 redds were observed. The largest number were again located in the groundwater channels (44{\%}), though spawning was more evenly distributed in the other channel types, including the main river (19{\%}). It is hypothesised that the apparently more suitable characteristics of groundwater-fed channels relate to a more stable, richer environment for embryo development and juvenile growth, whilst hydraulic conditions and sediment stability in the main channel may create more adverse conditions for successful recruitment.",
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AB - The distribution of Atlantic salmon redds was recorded during two spawning seasons (2005 and 2006) along a 4 km braided reach of the river Feshie in the Cairngorm mountains, Scotland. Within this complex reach, four main channels types were differentiated on the basis of geographical water sources, channel morphology and hydrochemistry: (1) the main braided channels of the river Feshie; (2) groundwater channels fed by seepage at the edge of the floodplain; (3) hillslope tributary channels and (4) mixed channels downstream of confluences of two or more of types 1–3. The 2005 season was characterised by high and variable flows. In total, 223 redds were observed which were mainly (64%) located in groundwater channels, with relatively few (9%) in the more extensive sections of main channel. The second year had much lower and more stable flows. Here, a total of 337 redds were observed. The largest number were again located in the groundwater channels (44%), though spawning was more evenly distributed in the other channel types, including the main river (19%). It is hypothesised that the apparently more suitable characteristics of groundwater-fed channels relate to a more stable, richer environment for embryo development and juvenile growth, whilst hydraulic conditions and sediment stability in the main channel may create more adverse conditions for successful recruitment.

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