Abstract
Doubleaveraging methodology is very convenient for investigating spatially heterogeneous flows such as boundarylayer flows over permeable walls. However, spatial averaging volumes suitable for boundarylayer flows over rough walls are very thin in the wallnormal direction whereas those for porousmedia flows usually have similar length in all three directions. This scale mismatch can be addressed by allowing the averaging volume to vary in space so that its size can be adjusted to the physical characteristics of particular flow regions. This paper presents a new spatial averaging theorem derived for a spatially variable averaging volume that may contain a stationary solid phase and that may also extend beyond the boundary of the problem domain. The theorem provides the expression for the difference between the average of a spatial derivative and the derivative of the spatial average (of a general flow quantity), here named the commutation correction (CC) term. The CC term contains three parts accounting for (1) the presence of the solid phase in the averaging volume, (2) the averaging volume extending beyond the flowdomain boundary, and (3) the spatial variation of the averaging volume. The first two parts have been acknowledged in the literature; the third part is introduced in this paper and named the volume variation (VV) term. The averaging theorem is used to derive largescale continuity and momentum equations, which contain the new VV term. The equations are applied to steady, uniform, microscopically twodimensional flow over a permeable wall. The averaging volume for the boundarylayer flow above the wall is a thin wallparallel layer; on crossing the wall surface, the volume grows until its height reaches the size required for the homogeneous porous layer. The averaging procedure and the magnitude of the VV term are illustrated by an example adopted from the literature that involves numerical simulation of twodimensional openchannel flow over a bundle of circular cylinders.
Original language  English 

Article number  04014087 
Number of pages  11 
Journal  Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 
Volume  141 
Issue number  4 
Early online date  4 Dec 2014 
DOIs  
Publication status  Published  1 Apr 2015 
Keywords
 Doubleaveraging
 Extended spatial averaging theorem
 Fluidporous interface
 Variable averaging volume
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Profiles

Dubravka Pokrajac
 Engineering, Engineering  Personal Chair
 Engineering (Research Theme)
Person: Academic