Spatial mapping of building energy demand in Great Britain

Simon C. Taylor, Steven K. Firth, Chao Wang, David Allinson, Mohammed Quddus, Pete Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Maps of energy demand from buildings in Great Britain have been created at 1 km square resolution. They reveal the spatial variation of demand for heat and electricity, of importance for energy distribution studies and particularly for bioenergy research given the significant distance-based restrictions on the viability of bioenergy crops. Maps representing the spatial variation of energy demand for the year 2009 were created using publicly available sub-national gas and electricity consumption data. A new statistical model based on census data was used to increase the spatial resolution. The energy demand was split into thermal energy (the heat energy required for space heating and hot water) and electricity used for purposes other than heating (nonheating electricity or NHE) and was determined separately for the domestic and nondomestic sectors. 'Scenario factors,' representing the fractional change at national level in the demand for heat and NHE, were derived from scenarios constructed by UKERC. These scenarios represent a range of pathways from the present day to 2050. The present work focused on the two cases of greatest relevance, the 'low carbon' and 'additional policies' scenarios, and factors for both were derived, for the demand types described, for every 5 years between 2000 and 2050. Approximately, future spatial energy demands can be obtained by applying the scenario factors to the base mapping data for 2009.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-135
Number of pages13
JournalGlobal Change Biology. Bioenergy
Volume6
Issue number2
Early online date3 Jan 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2014

Fingerprint

Electricity
electricity
heat
energy
bioenergy
spatial variation
heating
Space heating
Thermal energy
Crops
census
viability
spatial resolution
census data
Heating
energy crops
crop
Carbon
energy demand
statistical models

Keywords

  • bioenergy
  • building energy demand
  • electricity
  • heat
  • mapping
  • NHE
  • scenarios
  • UKERC

Cite this

Spatial mapping of building energy demand in Great Britain. / Taylor, Simon C.; Firth, Steven K. ; Wang, Chao; Allinson, David; Quddus, Mohammed; Smith, Pete.

In: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy, Vol. 6, No. 2, 01.03.2014, p. 123-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Taylor, SC, Firth, SK, Wang, C, Allinson, D, Quddus, M & Smith, P 2014, 'Spatial mapping of building energy demand in Great Britain', Global Change Biology. Bioenergy, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 123-135. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12165
Taylor, Simon C. ; Firth, Steven K. ; Wang, Chao ; Allinson, David ; Quddus, Mohammed ; Smith, Pete. / Spatial mapping of building energy demand in Great Britain. In: Global Change Biology. Bioenergy. 2014 ; Vol. 6, No. 2. pp. 123-135.
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