Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer

genetic data reveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer

Kjersti Kvie, Jan Heggenes, David George Anderson, Marina Kholodova, Taras Sipko, Knut Røed

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The current genetic structure of reindeer and caribou (Rangifer tarandus) is highly influenced by the last glacial period, by different refugial isolation, colonization routes and subsequent range expansions and contractions. Here, the genetic structure and clustering of wild and domestic reindeer in western Eurasia is inferred by merging and analyzing three mitochondrial Tuesday 18 August: Session 7A: Population genetics and evolution Location: Christianus sextus Chaired by Steeve Côté 16:00-16:25 7A.1. Human-induced versus natural gene flow: identifying drivers for genetic structure of Rangifer
Knut Røed 16:25-16:40 7A.2. Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer: genetic data
reveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer Kjersti S. Kvie 16:40-16:55 7A.3. Differential genetic migration and implications for barren ground caribou management Keri McFarlane 16:55-17:10 7A.4. Landscape genetics and population trends of peary caribou in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Micheline Manseau 17:10-17:25 Final discussion and closing of session 48 regions, namely CR, cytb- and the COI region. A Bayesian phylogeny and a MJ network, show a high degree of genetic structuring, in particular
within wild reindeer. Two main haplotype clusters and several distinct sub clusters, showing geographical structure, were identified. In addition to previously described haplotype clusters, we found high support for Svalbard reindeer (R. t. platyrhynchus) to constitute a separate group. We also identified control region haplotypes, previously found only on Svalbard, among contemporary reindeer herds and in ancient reindeer material from other Eurasian Arctic islands. This implies that reindeer from these northern Islands have been isolated for a long period of time. We could not find evidence of
haplotype shearing between north American Pearyi caribou (R. t. pearyi) and Svalbard reindeer, indicating an eastern colonization route for Svalbard reindeer from the Beringian refugium to the Svalbard archipelag
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationArctic Ungulate Research and Management
Subtitle of host publicationThe Past, the Present and the Future
PublisherNorwegian Environment Agency
Pages47-48
Number of pages2
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2015
Event14th International Arctic Ungulate Conference - Røros, Norway
Duration: 16 Aug 201521 Sep 2015

Conference

Conference14th International Arctic Ungulate Conference
CountryNorway
CityRøros
Period16/08/1521/09/15

Fingerprint

Reindeer
Svalbard
Genetic Structures
Haplotypes
Population Genetics
Islands
Gene Flow
Molecular Evolution

Cite this

Kvie, K., Heggenes, J., Anderson, D. G., Kholodova, M., Sipko, T., & Røed, K. (2015). Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer: genetic data reveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer. In Arctic Ungulate Research and Management: The Past, the Present and the Future (pp. 47-48). Norwegian Environment Agency.

Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer : genetic data reveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer. / Kvie, Kjersti; Heggenes, Jan; Anderson, David George; Kholodova, Marina; Sipko, Taras; Røed, Knut.

Arctic Ungulate Research and Management: The Past, the Present and the Future. Norwegian Environment Agency, 2015. p. 47-48.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kvie, K, Heggenes, J, Anderson, DG, Kholodova, M, Sipko, T & Røed, K 2015, Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer: genetic data reveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer. in Arctic Ungulate Research and Management: The Past, the Present and the Future. Norwegian Environment Agency, pp. 47-48, 14th International Arctic Ungulate Conference, Røros, Norway, 16/08/15.
Kvie K, Heggenes J, Anderson DG, Kholodova M, Sipko T, Røed K. Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer: genetic data reveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer. In Arctic Ungulate Research and Management: The Past, the Present and the Future. Norwegian Environment Agency. 2015. p. 47-48
Kvie, Kjersti ; Heggenes, Jan ; Anderson, David George ; Kholodova, Marina ; Sipko, Taras ; Røed, Knut. / Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer : genetic data reveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer. Arctic Ungulate Research and Management: The Past, the Present and the Future. Norwegian Environment Agency, 2015. pp. 47-48
@inproceedings{c48702725bdd4884a6082e31d092daf6,
title = "Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer: genetic data reveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer",
abstract = "The current genetic structure of reindeer and caribou (Rangifer tarandus) is highly influenced by the last glacial period, by different refugial isolation, colonization routes and subsequent range expansions and contractions. Here, the genetic structure and clustering of wild and domestic reindeer in western Eurasia is inferred by merging and analyzing three mitochondrial Tuesday 18 August: Session 7A: Population genetics and evolution Location: Christianus sextus Chaired by Steeve C{\^o}t{\'e} 16:00-16:25 7A.1. Human-induced versus natural gene flow: identifying drivers for genetic structure of RangiferKnut R{\o}ed 16:25-16:40 7A.2. Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer: genetic datareveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer Kjersti S. Kvie 16:40-16:55 7A.3. Differential genetic migration and implications for barren ground caribou management Keri McFarlane 16:55-17:10 7A.4. Landscape genetics and population trends of peary caribou in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Micheline Manseau 17:10-17:25 Final discussion and closing of session 48 regions, namely CR, cytb- and the COI region. A Bayesian phylogeny and a MJ network, show a high degree of genetic structuring, in particularwithin wild reindeer. Two main haplotype clusters and several distinct sub clusters, showing geographical structure, were identified. In addition to previously described haplotype clusters, we found high support for Svalbard reindeer (R. t. platyrhynchus) to constitute a separate group. We also identified control region haplotypes, previously found only on Svalbard, among contemporary reindeer herds and in ancient reindeer material from other Eurasian Arctic islands. This implies that reindeer from these northern Islands have been isolated for a long period of time. We could not find evidence ofhaplotype shearing between north American Pearyi caribou (R. t. pearyi) and Svalbard reindeer, indicating an eastern colonization route for Svalbard reindeer from the Beringian refugium to the Svalbard archipelag",
author = "Kjersti Kvie and Jan Heggenes and Anderson, {David George} and Marina Kholodova and Taras Sipko and Knut R{\o}ed",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "16",
language = "English",
pages = "47--48",
booktitle = "Arctic Ungulate Research and Management",
publisher = "Norwegian Environment Agency",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer

T2 - genetic data reveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer

AU - Kvie, Kjersti

AU - Heggenes, Jan

AU - Anderson, David George

AU - Kholodova, Marina

AU - Sipko, Taras

AU - Røed, Knut

PY - 2015/8/16

Y1 - 2015/8/16

N2 - The current genetic structure of reindeer and caribou (Rangifer tarandus) is highly influenced by the last glacial period, by different refugial isolation, colonization routes and subsequent range expansions and contractions. Here, the genetic structure and clustering of wild and domestic reindeer in western Eurasia is inferred by merging and analyzing three mitochondrial Tuesday 18 August: Session 7A: Population genetics and evolution Location: Christianus sextus Chaired by Steeve Côté 16:00-16:25 7A.1. Human-induced versus natural gene flow: identifying drivers for genetic structure of RangiferKnut Røed 16:25-16:40 7A.2. Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer: genetic datareveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer Kjersti S. Kvie 16:40-16:55 7A.3. Differential genetic migration and implications for barren ground caribou management Keri McFarlane 16:55-17:10 7A.4. Landscape genetics and population trends of peary caribou in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Micheline Manseau 17:10-17:25 Final discussion and closing of session 48 regions, namely CR, cytb- and the COI region. A Bayesian phylogeny and a MJ network, show a high degree of genetic structuring, in particularwithin wild reindeer. Two main haplotype clusters and several distinct sub clusters, showing geographical structure, were identified. In addition to previously described haplotype clusters, we found high support for Svalbard reindeer (R. t. platyrhynchus) to constitute a separate group. We also identified control region haplotypes, previously found only on Svalbard, among contemporary reindeer herds and in ancient reindeer material from other Eurasian Arctic islands. This implies that reindeer from these northern Islands have been isolated for a long period of time. We could not find evidence ofhaplotype shearing between north American Pearyi caribou (R. t. pearyi) and Svalbard reindeer, indicating an eastern colonization route for Svalbard reindeer from the Beringian refugium to the Svalbard archipelag

AB - The current genetic structure of reindeer and caribou (Rangifer tarandus) is highly influenced by the last glacial period, by different refugial isolation, colonization routes and subsequent range expansions and contractions. Here, the genetic structure and clustering of wild and domestic reindeer in western Eurasia is inferred by merging and analyzing three mitochondrial Tuesday 18 August: Session 7A: Population genetics and evolution Location: Christianus sextus Chaired by Steeve Côté 16:00-16:25 7A.1. Human-induced versus natural gene flow: identifying drivers for genetic structure of RangiferKnut Røed 16:25-16:40 7A.2. Spatial structure of Eurasian reindeer: genetic datareveals the colonization history of High Arctic reindeer Kjersti S. Kvie 16:40-16:55 7A.3. Differential genetic migration and implications for barren ground caribou management Keri McFarlane 16:55-17:10 7A.4. Landscape genetics and population trends of peary caribou in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Micheline Manseau 17:10-17:25 Final discussion and closing of session 48 regions, namely CR, cytb- and the COI region. A Bayesian phylogeny and a MJ network, show a high degree of genetic structuring, in particularwithin wild reindeer. Two main haplotype clusters and several distinct sub clusters, showing geographical structure, were identified. In addition to previously described haplotype clusters, we found high support for Svalbard reindeer (R. t. platyrhynchus) to constitute a separate group. We also identified control region haplotypes, previously found only on Svalbard, among contemporary reindeer herds and in ancient reindeer material from other Eurasian Arctic islands. This implies that reindeer from these northern Islands have been isolated for a long period of time. We could not find evidence ofhaplotype shearing between north American Pearyi caribou (R. t. pearyi) and Svalbard reindeer, indicating an eastern colonization route for Svalbard reindeer from the Beringian refugium to the Svalbard archipelag

M3 - Conference contribution

SP - 47

EP - 48

BT - Arctic Ungulate Research and Management

PB - Norwegian Environment Agency

ER -