Species distribution modelling of ancient cattle from early Neolithic sites in SW Asia and Europe

James Conolly, Katie Manning, Sue Colledge, Keith Dobney, Stephen, J. Shennan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Species distribution models are widely used by ecologists to estimate the relationship between environmental predictors and species presence and abundance records. In this paper, we use compiled faunal assemblage records from archaeological sites located across southwest Asia and southeast Europe to estimate and to compare the biogeography of ancient wild and early domestic cattle (Bos primigenius and Bos taurus). We estimate the contribution of multiple environmental parameters on the explanation of variation in abundance of cattle remains from archaeological sites, and find that annual precipitation and maximum annual temperature are significant predictors of abundance. We then formulate, test, and confirm a hypothesis that states the process of cattle domestication involves a change in the types of environmental ranges in which cattle exploitation occurred by applying a species distribution model to presence-only data of wild and domestic cattle. Our results show that there is an expansion of cattle rearing in more temperate environments, which is a defining characteristic of the European early Neolithic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)997-1010
Number of pages15
JournalThe Holocene
Volume22
Issue number9
Early online date19 Mar 2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Fingerprint

cattle
modeling
temperate environment
domestication
biogeography
rearing
distribution
Europe
Asia
Early Neolithic
Cattle
Modeling
temperature
archaeological site
Archaeological Sites
Predictors

Keywords

  • animal domestication
  • cattle
  • maximum entropy analysis
  • neolithic
  • Southeast Europe
  • Southwest Asia
  • species distribution modelling

Cite this

Species distribution modelling of ancient cattle from early Neolithic sites in SW Asia and Europe. / Conolly, James; Manning, Katie; Colledge, Sue; Dobney, Keith; Shennan, Stephen, J.

In: The Holocene, Vol. 22, No. 9, 09.2012, p. 997-1010.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Conolly, James ; Manning, Katie ; Colledge, Sue ; Dobney, Keith ; Shennan, Stephen, J. / Species distribution modelling of ancient cattle from early Neolithic sites in SW Asia and Europe. In: The Holocene. 2012 ; Vol. 22, No. 9. pp. 997-1010.
@article{24fa3df52e0e429a9d8e272afc86fd7b,
title = "Species distribution modelling of ancient cattle from early Neolithic sites in SW Asia and Europe",
abstract = "Species distribution models are widely used by ecologists to estimate the relationship between environmental predictors and species presence and abundance records. In this paper, we use compiled faunal assemblage records from archaeological sites located across southwest Asia and southeast Europe to estimate and to compare the biogeography of ancient wild and early domestic cattle (Bos primigenius and Bos taurus). We estimate the contribution of multiple environmental parameters on the explanation of variation in abundance of cattle remains from archaeological sites, and find that annual precipitation and maximum annual temperature are significant predictors of abundance. We then formulate, test, and confirm a hypothesis that states the process of cattle domestication involves a change in the types of environmental ranges in which cattle exploitation occurred by applying a species distribution model to presence-only data of wild and domestic cattle. Our results show that there is an expansion of cattle rearing in more temperate environments, which is a defining characteristic of the European early Neolithic.",
keywords = "animal domestication, cattle, maximum entropy analysis, neolithic, Southeast Europe, Southwest Asia, species distribution modelling",
author = "James Conolly and Katie Manning and Sue Colledge and Keith Dobney and Shennan, {Stephen, J.}",
year = "2012",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1177/0959683612437871",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "997--1010",
journal = "The Holocene",
issn = "0959-6836",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Species distribution modelling of ancient cattle from early Neolithic sites in SW Asia and Europe

AU - Conolly, James

AU - Manning, Katie

AU - Colledge, Sue

AU - Dobney, Keith

AU - Shennan, Stephen, J.

PY - 2012/9

Y1 - 2012/9

N2 - Species distribution models are widely used by ecologists to estimate the relationship between environmental predictors and species presence and abundance records. In this paper, we use compiled faunal assemblage records from archaeological sites located across southwest Asia and southeast Europe to estimate and to compare the biogeography of ancient wild and early domestic cattle (Bos primigenius and Bos taurus). We estimate the contribution of multiple environmental parameters on the explanation of variation in abundance of cattle remains from archaeological sites, and find that annual precipitation and maximum annual temperature are significant predictors of abundance. We then formulate, test, and confirm a hypothesis that states the process of cattle domestication involves a change in the types of environmental ranges in which cattle exploitation occurred by applying a species distribution model to presence-only data of wild and domestic cattle. Our results show that there is an expansion of cattle rearing in more temperate environments, which is a defining characteristic of the European early Neolithic.

AB - Species distribution models are widely used by ecologists to estimate the relationship between environmental predictors and species presence and abundance records. In this paper, we use compiled faunal assemblage records from archaeological sites located across southwest Asia and southeast Europe to estimate and to compare the biogeography of ancient wild and early domestic cattle (Bos primigenius and Bos taurus). We estimate the contribution of multiple environmental parameters on the explanation of variation in abundance of cattle remains from archaeological sites, and find that annual precipitation and maximum annual temperature are significant predictors of abundance. We then formulate, test, and confirm a hypothesis that states the process of cattle domestication involves a change in the types of environmental ranges in which cattle exploitation occurred by applying a species distribution model to presence-only data of wild and domestic cattle. Our results show that there is an expansion of cattle rearing in more temperate environments, which is a defining characteristic of the European early Neolithic.

KW - animal domestication

KW - cattle

KW - maximum entropy analysis

KW - neolithic

KW - Southeast Europe

KW - Southwest Asia

KW - species distribution modelling

U2 - 10.1177/0959683612437871

DO - 10.1177/0959683612437871

M3 - Article

VL - 22

SP - 997

EP - 1010

JO - The Holocene

JF - The Holocene

SN - 0959-6836

IS - 9

ER -