Spontaneous goal inferences are often inferred faster than spontaneous trait inferences

Frank Van Overwalle, Marijke Van Duynslaeger, Daphné Coomans, Bert Timmermans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present four experiments in which participants were exposed to texts depicting behaviors that afforded inferences about actors' traits and goals. Results from a false recognition task with varying response deadlines revealed heightened activation of goal inferences already within a 350 ms response deadline. In contrast, trait inferences were made only when there was no response deadline, and when the behavior also implied a goal. These results indicate that spontaneous inferences on goals are often encoded more strongly in memory and are reactivated much more quickly in comparison with spontaneous trait inferences. Moreover, spontaneous trait inferences are often facilitated when an inference is first made on the goal of the behavior. These findings are discussed in light of recent developmental and neuroscientific evidence on social inferences, and current theories on impression formation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Experimental Social Psychology
Volume48
Issue number1
Early online date6 Jul 2011
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2012

Fingerprint

attitude formation
activation
experiment
evidence
Recognition (Psychology)

Keywords

  • spontaneous inferences
  • multiple inferences
  • goals
  • traits

Cite this

Spontaneous goal inferences are often inferred faster than spontaneous trait inferences. / Van Overwalle, Frank; Van Duynslaeger, Marijke; Coomans, Daphné; Timmermans, Bert.

In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Vol. 48, No. 1, 01.2012, p. 13-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Van Overwalle, Frank ; Van Duynslaeger, Marijke ; Coomans, Daphné ; Timmermans, Bert. / Spontaneous goal inferences are often inferred faster than spontaneous trait inferences. In: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology. 2012 ; Vol. 48, No. 1. pp. 13-18.
@article{899f9cc9ea3a4ebf9b71cd8d80b14fc5,
title = "Spontaneous goal inferences are often inferred faster than spontaneous trait inferences",
abstract = "We present four experiments in which participants were exposed to texts depicting behaviors that afforded inferences about actors' traits and goals. Results from a false recognition task with varying response deadlines revealed heightened activation of goal inferences already within a 350 ms response deadline. In contrast, trait inferences were made only when there was no response deadline, and when the behavior also implied a goal. These results indicate that spontaneous inferences on goals are often encoded more strongly in memory and are reactivated much more quickly in comparison with spontaneous trait inferences. Moreover, spontaneous trait inferences are often facilitated when an inference is first made on the goal of the behavior. These findings are discussed in light of recent developmental and neuroscientific evidence on social inferences, and current theories on impression formation.",
keywords = "spontaneous inferences, multiple inferences, goals, traits",
author = "{Van Overwalle}, Frank and {Van Duynslaeger}, Marijke and Daphn{\'e} Coomans and Bert Timmermans",
year = "2012",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jesp.2011.06.016",
language = "English",
volume = "48",
pages = "13--18",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-1031",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spontaneous goal inferences are often inferred faster than spontaneous trait inferences

AU - Van Overwalle, Frank

AU - Van Duynslaeger, Marijke

AU - Coomans, Daphné

AU - Timmermans, Bert

PY - 2012/1

Y1 - 2012/1

N2 - We present four experiments in which participants were exposed to texts depicting behaviors that afforded inferences about actors' traits and goals. Results from a false recognition task with varying response deadlines revealed heightened activation of goal inferences already within a 350 ms response deadline. In contrast, trait inferences were made only when there was no response deadline, and when the behavior also implied a goal. These results indicate that spontaneous inferences on goals are often encoded more strongly in memory and are reactivated much more quickly in comparison with spontaneous trait inferences. Moreover, spontaneous trait inferences are often facilitated when an inference is first made on the goal of the behavior. These findings are discussed in light of recent developmental and neuroscientific evidence on social inferences, and current theories on impression formation.

AB - We present four experiments in which participants were exposed to texts depicting behaviors that afforded inferences about actors' traits and goals. Results from a false recognition task with varying response deadlines revealed heightened activation of goal inferences already within a 350 ms response deadline. In contrast, trait inferences were made only when there was no response deadline, and when the behavior also implied a goal. These results indicate that spontaneous inferences on goals are often encoded more strongly in memory and are reactivated much more quickly in comparison with spontaneous trait inferences. Moreover, spontaneous trait inferences are often facilitated when an inference is first made on the goal of the behavior. These findings are discussed in light of recent developmental and neuroscientific evidence on social inferences, and current theories on impression formation.

KW - spontaneous inferences

KW - multiple inferences

KW - goals

KW - traits

U2 - 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.06.016

DO - 10.1016/j.jesp.2011.06.016

M3 - Article

VL - 48

SP - 13

EP - 18

JO - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Social Psychology

SN - 0022-1031

IS - 1

ER -