Status of the world's smallest mammal, the bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai, in Myanmar

Maria Joao Ramos Pereira, Hugo Rebelo, Emma C. Teeling, Stephen J. O'Brien, Iain MacKie, Si Si Hla Bu, Khin Maung Swe, Khin Mie Mie, Paul J. J. Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai of the monospecific family Craseonycteridae is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. First discovered in 1973, it was until recently only known from a small population of approximately 2,300 individuals restricted to the catchment area of the River Kwai, Thailand. However, in 2001 a single craseonycterid was discovered in Mon State, Myanmar, extending its geographical range by approximately 250 km. In October and November 2002 a survey was undertaken to examine the status of C. thonglongyai in Myanmar and assess its geographical distribution and population size. C. thonglongyai calls were recorded from bats emerging from nine of 19 caves surveyed; the population size was estimated to be 1,500. The phylogenetic relationships between the Thai and Myanmar populations were investigated using molecular, morphological and acoustic data. Morphologically, the two populations are indistinguishable. However, there is an 8-10 kHz echolocation call divergence between the populations. Cytochrome b data suggest that the two populations are similar and that the Myanmar population may be monophyletic. Annual surveys of the known bat roosts and in situ education programmes for local people are recommended together with the establishment of an integrated, transboundary Myanmar/Thai conservation strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)456-463
Number of pages8
JournalOryx
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • bumble-bee bat
  • Craseonycteris thonglongyai
  • Chiroptera
  • cytochrome b
  • distribution
  • echolocation
  • genetics
  • Myanmar
  • cytochrome-B
  • chiroptera
  • Sequence

Cite this

Ramos Pereira, M. J., Rebelo, H., Teeling, E. C., O'Brien, S. J., MacKie, I., Hla Bu, S. S., ... Bates, P. J. J. (2006). Status of the world's smallest mammal, the bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai, in Myanmar. Oryx, 40(4), 456-463. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605306001268

Status of the world's smallest mammal, the bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai, in Myanmar. / Ramos Pereira, Maria Joao; Rebelo, Hugo; Teeling, Emma C.; O'Brien, Stephen J.; MacKie, Iain; Hla Bu, Si Si; Swe, Khin Maung; Mie, Khin Mie; Bates, Paul J. J.

In: Oryx, Vol. 40, No. 4, 2006, p. 456-463.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ramos Pereira, MJ, Rebelo, H, Teeling, EC, O'Brien, SJ, MacKie, I, Hla Bu, SS, Swe, KM, Mie, KM & Bates, PJJ 2006, 'Status of the world's smallest mammal, the bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai, in Myanmar', Oryx, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 456-463. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0030605306001268
Ramos Pereira, Maria Joao ; Rebelo, Hugo ; Teeling, Emma C. ; O'Brien, Stephen J. ; MacKie, Iain ; Hla Bu, Si Si ; Swe, Khin Maung ; Mie, Khin Mie ; Bates, Paul J. J. / Status of the world's smallest mammal, the bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai, in Myanmar. In: Oryx. 2006 ; Vol. 40, No. 4. pp. 456-463.
@article{55828cf58dfd47b280066b72c0e2ff35,
title = "Status of the world's smallest mammal, the bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai, in Myanmar",
abstract = "The bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai of the monospecific family Craseonycteridae is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. First discovered in 1973, it was until recently only known from a small population of approximately 2,300 individuals restricted to the catchment area of the River Kwai, Thailand. However, in 2001 a single craseonycterid was discovered in Mon State, Myanmar, extending its geographical range by approximately 250 km. In October and November 2002 a survey was undertaken to examine the status of C. thonglongyai in Myanmar and assess its geographical distribution and population size. C. thonglongyai calls were recorded from bats emerging from nine of 19 caves surveyed; the population size was estimated to be 1,500. The phylogenetic relationships between the Thai and Myanmar populations were investigated using molecular, morphological and acoustic data. Morphologically, the two populations are indistinguishable. However, there is an 8-10 kHz echolocation call divergence between the populations. Cytochrome b data suggest that the two populations are similar and that the Myanmar population may be monophyletic. Annual surveys of the known bat roosts and in situ education programmes for local people are recommended together with the establishment of an integrated, transboundary Myanmar/Thai conservation strategy.",
keywords = "bumble-bee bat, Craseonycteris thonglongyai, Chiroptera, cytochrome b, distribution, echolocation, genetics, Myanmar, cytochrome-B, chiroptera, Sequence",
author = "{Ramos Pereira}, {Maria Joao} and Hugo Rebelo and Teeling, {Emma C.} and O'Brien, {Stephen J.} and Iain MacKie and {Hla Bu}, {Si Si} and Swe, {Khin Maung} and Mie, {Khin Mie} and Bates, {Paul J. J.}",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1017/S0030605306001268",
language = "English",
volume = "40",
pages = "456--463",
journal = "Oryx",
issn = "0030-6053",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Status of the world's smallest mammal, the bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai, in Myanmar

AU - Ramos Pereira, Maria Joao

AU - Rebelo, Hugo

AU - Teeling, Emma C.

AU - O'Brien, Stephen J.

AU - MacKie, Iain

AU - Hla Bu, Si Si

AU - Swe, Khin Maung

AU - Mie, Khin Mie

AU - Bates, Paul J. J.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - The bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai of the monospecific family Craseonycteridae is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. First discovered in 1973, it was until recently only known from a small population of approximately 2,300 individuals restricted to the catchment area of the River Kwai, Thailand. However, in 2001 a single craseonycterid was discovered in Mon State, Myanmar, extending its geographical range by approximately 250 km. In October and November 2002 a survey was undertaken to examine the status of C. thonglongyai in Myanmar and assess its geographical distribution and population size. C. thonglongyai calls were recorded from bats emerging from nine of 19 caves surveyed; the population size was estimated to be 1,500. The phylogenetic relationships between the Thai and Myanmar populations were investigated using molecular, morphological and acoustic data. Morphologically, the two populations are indistinguishable. However, there is an 8-10 kHz echolocation call divergence between the populations. Cytochrome b data suggest that the two populations are similar and that the Myanmar population may be monophyletic. Annual surveys of the known bat roosts and in situ education programmes for local people are recommended together with the establishment of an integrated, transboundary Myanmar/Thai conservation strategy.

AB - The bumble-bee bat Craseonycteris thonglongyai of the monospecific family Craseonycteridae is categorized as Endangered on the IUCN Red List. First discovered in 1973, it was until recently only known from a small population of approximately 2,300 individuals restricted to the catchment area of the River Kwai, Thailand. However, in 2001 a single craseonycterid was discovered in Mon State, Myanmar, extending its geographical range by approximately 250 km. In October and November 2002 a survey was undertaken to examine the status of C. thonglongyai in Myanmar and assess its geographical distribution and population size. C. thonglongyai calls were recorded from bats emerging from nine of 19 caves surveyed; the population size was estimated to be 1,500. The phylogenetic relationships between the Thai and Myanmar populations were investigated using molecular, morphological and acoustic data. Morphologically, the two populations are indistinguishable. However, there is an 8-10 kHz echolocation call divergence between the populations. Cytochrome b data suggest that the two populations are similar and that the Myanmar population may be monophyletic. Annual surveys of the known bat roosts and in situ education programmes for local people are recommended together with the establishment of an integrated, transboundary Myanmar/Thai conservation strategy.

KW - bumble-bee bat

KW - Craseonycteris thonglongyai

KW - Chiroptera

KW - cytochrome b

KW - distribution

KW - echolocation

KW - genetics

KW - Myanmar

KW - cytochrome-B

KW - chiroptera

KW - Sequence

U2 - 10.1017/S0030605306001268

DO - 10.1017/S0030605306001268

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 456

EP - 463

JO - Oryx

JF - Oryx

SN - 0030-6053

IS - 4

ER -