Stoichiometry and defect structure of 'NdMnO3'

E T Maguire, A M Coats, J M S Skakle, A R West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phase 'NdMnO3' has been synthesised and characterised by a combination of electron probe microanalysis, X-ray and neutron diffraction and H-2-reduction thermogravimetry. NdMnO3 forms, at approximate to 1400 degrees C, over the range Nd1.00(1)Mn0.95(1)O292(1) to Nd0.88(1)Mn1.00(1)O2.72(1). Oxygen contents vary in air over the range 700 to 1400 degrees C and can be varied further, either by high pressure O-2 treatment or by reduction in H-2. The structure of 'NdMnO3' is based on the GdFeO3 structure with a Jahn-Teller distortion associated with the high proportion of Mn3+ ions present. However, it also shows a very varied defect structure; depending on composition and heal treatment, vacancies can form on any one or any two of the three sublattices, Nd, Mn and O and the overall Mn oxidation state can include 2+, 3+ and 4+ contributions. Data on compositional range and defect crystal structure are presented in the form of a novel phase diagram-defect structure map.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1337-1346
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume9
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • GIANT MAGNETORESISTANCE
  • COLOSSAL MAGNETORESISTANCE
  • ELECTRONIC-PROPERTIES
  • OXYGEN NONSTOICHIOMETRY
  • CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE
  • LAMNO3+DELTA
  • PEROVSKITES
  • SUBSTITUTION
  • DIFFRACTION
  • MANGANATES

Cite this

Maguire, E. T., Coats, A. M., Skakle, J. M. S., & West, A. R. (1999). Stoichiometry and defect structure of 'NdMnO3'. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 9, 1337-1346.

Stoichiometry and defect structure of 'NdMnO3'. / Maguire, E T ; Coats, A M ; Skakle, J M S ; West, A R .

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 9, 1999, p. 1337-1346.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Maguire, ET, Coats, AM, Skakle, JMS & West, AR 1999, 'Stoichiometry and defect structure of 'NdMnO3'', Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 9, pp. 1337-1346.
Maguire, E T ; Coats, A M ; Skakle, J M S ; West, A R . / Stoichiometry and defect structure of 'NdMnO3'. In: Journal of Materials Chemistry. 1999 ; Vol. 9. pp. 1337-1346.
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AU - Skakle, J M S

AU - West, A R

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N2 - The phase 'NdMnO3' has been synthesised and characterised by a combination of electron probe microanalysis, X-ray and neutron diffraction and H-2-reduction thermogravimetry. NdMnO3 forms, at approximate to 1400 degrees C, over the range Nd1.00(1)Mn0.95(1)O292(1) to Nd0.88(1)Mn1.00(1)O2.72(1). Oxygen contents vary in air over the range 700 to 1400 degrees C and can be varied further, either by high pressure O-2 treatment or by reduction in H-2. The structure of 'NdMnO3' is based on the GdFeO3 structure with a Jahn-Teller distortion associated with the high proportion of Mn3+ ions present. However, it also shows a very varied defect structure; depending on composition and heal treatment, vacancies can form on any one or any two of the three sublattices, Nd, Mn and O and the overall Mn oxidation state can include 2+, 3+ and 4+ contributions. Data on compositional range and defect crystal structure are presented in the form of a novel phase diagram-defect structure map.

AB - The phase 'NdMnO3' has been synthesised and characterised by a combination of electron probe microanalysis, X-ray and neutron diffraction and H-2-reduction thermogravimetry. NdMnO3 forms, at approximate to 1400 degrees C, over the range Nd1.00(1)Mn0.95(1)O292(1) to Nd0.88(1)Mn1.00(1)O2.72(1). Oxygen contents vary in air over the range 700 to 1400 degrees C and can be varied further, either by high pressure O-2 treatment or by reduction in H-2. The structure of 'NdMnO3' is based on the GdFeO3 structure with a Jahn-Teller distortion associated with the high proportion of Mn3+ ions present. However, it also shows a very varied defect structure; depending on composition and heal treatment, vacancies can form on any one or any two of the three sublattices, Nd, Mn and O and the overall Mn oxidation state can include 2+, 3+ and 4+ contributions. Data on compositional range and defect crystal structure are presented in the form of a novel phase diagram-defect structure map.

KW - GIANT MAGNETORESISTANCE

KW - COLOSSAL MAGNETORESISTANCE

KW - ELECTRONIC-PROPERTIES

KW - OXYGEN NONSTOICHIOMETRY

KW - CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE

KW - LAMNO3+DELTA

KW - PEROVSKITES

KW - SUBSTITUTION

KW - DIFFRACTION

KW - MANGANATES

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VL - 9

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JO - Journal of Materials Chemistry

JF - Journal of Materials Chemistry

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