Stop Stereotyping

Johanna K. Falben (Corresponding Author), Juliana L. Olivier, Marius Golubickis, Nerissa S. P. Ho, Linn M. Persson, Dimitra Tsamadi, Eleni Marinopoulou, Bianca Bianciardi, William A. Cunningham, C. Neil MacRae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Restraining the expression of stereotypes is a necessary requirement for harmonious living, yet surprisingly little is known about the efficacy of this process. Accordingly, in two experiments, here we used a stop-signal task to establish how effectively stereotype-related responses can be inhibited. In Experiment 1, following the presentation of gender-typed occupational contexts, participants reported the sex of target faces (i.e., Go trials) unless an occasional auditory tone indicated they should withhold their response (i.e., Stop trials). In Experiment 2, following the presentation of male and female faces, participants made either stereotypic or counter-stereotypic judgments, unless a stop signal was presented. Regardless of whether stereotyping was probed indirectly (Expt. 1) or directly (Expt. 2), a consistent pattern of results was observed; inhibition was faster for stereotypic compared to counter-stereotypic responses. These findings demonstrate that stopping stereotyping may be less challenging than has widely been assumed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1228-1235
Number of pages8
JournalAttention, Perception & Psychophysics
Volume81
Issue number5
Early online date20 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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Keywords

  • stereotyping
  • response inhibition
  • person construal
  • executive control
  • Response inhibition
  • Executive control
  • Stereotyping
  • Person construal
  • SIGNAL
  • ATTENTION
  • ACTIVATION
  • INFORMATION
  • SOCIAL COGNITION
  • MODEL
  • THOUGHT
  • RESPONSE-INHIBITION
  • ABILITY
  • INTERFERENCE

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Falben, J. K., Olivier, J. L., Golubickis, M., Ho, N. S. P., Persson, L. M., Tsamadi, D., Marinopoulou, E., Bianciardi, B., Cunningham, W. A., & MacRae, C. N. (2019). Stop Stereotyping. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics, 81(5), 1228-1235. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13414-019-01733-4