Strengths and success in Students

Nicola Helen Gibson, David Graham Pearson, Judith Ann Hosie

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Abstract

Recent research suggests positive traits play a key role in successful learning. The current study investigates the relationship of non-cognitive strengths to success and attainment.
A study of 72 UK university psychology undergraduates investigated the relationship of positive psychological constructs to successful learning outcomes (exam results) using a cross-sectional within-subjects design.
IVs : self-report measures of strengths (VIA-IS and Strength Assessment Inventory: SAI-Y), strength use (SUS), coping (WOC), optimism (LOT-R) and trait affect (PANAS). DV: Successful learning outcomes (exams, grades etc).
Questionnaires were subjected to Factor Analyses (EFA / CFA) collectively and individually (specifically VIA-IS & SAI-Y). Factor solutions were generated, and discussed in relation to the structure of the VIA and existing validation data for the SAI-Y. Results did not support the 6-factor conceptual structure of the VIA, indicating 4 or 5 factor solutions, which were not clearly interpretable. Relationships of independent variables to successful learning were investigated through correlation and regression analyses. Constructs most strongly related to, and predictive of, successful learning are identified and discussed in relation to the current literature.
Findings are interpreted in the context of the relevance of non-cognitive factors to successful learning outcomes; the role of coping styles and strengths are considered.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 29 Jun 2013
EventInternational Positive Psychology Association World Congress - Westin Bonaventure, Los Angeles, United States
Duration: 27 Jun 201330 Jun 2013

Conference

ConferenceInternational Positive Psychology Association World Congress
CountryUnited States
CityLos Angeles
Period27/06/1330/06/13

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    Gibson, N. H., Pearson, D. G., & Hosie, J. A. (2013). Strengths and success in Students. Poster session presented at International Positive Psychology Association World Congress, Los Angeles, United States.