In pursuit of possibly true turbulent characters and for exploring a change in turbulence structures near an oscillating flexible wall-curved surface, a sinusoidal oscillation mode was forced to a curved wall, whose vibrations disturbed the flow with an interacting effort between the fluid and the structure. The methodology used was the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) with fluid-structure interaction. The oscillating configuration was on a Fourier sinusoidal mode from the measurements of a Francis hydro turbine blade vibration. The effects of the vibration on the skin friction coefficient, vortices, turbulent coherent structures, and other statistical quantities were studied. The results showed that the streamwise velocity gradient along the normal direction and the normal velocity gradient along the spanwise direction were considerably increased within the viscous sublayer because of the oscillating wall, which additionally caused the low speed streaks to stay away from the wall and the high-momentum flows to be toward the wall. As a result, the streamwise vortices were much more elongated along the downstream to get an energy balance, and the wall skin friction coefficient or the wall friction velocity rose up.
- turbulent flow
- turbulent structure
- Large-Eddy Simulation (LES)
- fluid-structure interaction
Wang, W., Zhang, L., Yan, Y., & Guo, Y. (2007). Study on turbulence features near an ocillating curved wall. Journal of Hydrodynamics, Series B, 19(3), 255-263. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-6058(07)60057-2