Sub-fossil evidence for fungal hyperparasitism (Isthmospora spinosa on Meliola ellisii, on Calluna vulgaris) in a Holocene intermediate ombrotrophic bog in northern-England

B. Van Geel, A. Aptroot, Dmitri Mauquoy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We analysed a Holocene peat deposit from an intermediate ombrotrophic bog in northern-England (Butterbum Flow), for micro- and macrofossils and discovered the hyperparasite Isthmospora spinosa together with its host, the ascomycete Meliola ellisii, which was a parasite on local Calluna vulgaris. This is the first fossil evidence for hyperparasitism in Quaternary palaeoecological research. The relationship between the three taxa is evident from the fossil record, but does not fit in with information from the mycological literature. Hitherto Isthmospora spinosa is only known from the tropics, and extant Meliola ellisii was observed on Vaccinium species and not on Calluna vulgaris. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-126
Number of pages5
JournalReview of Palaeobotany and Palynology
Volume141
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

Keywords

  • Calluna vulgaris
  • Holocene
  • hyperparasitism
  • Isthmospora spinosa
  • Meliola ellisii
  • palynology
  • Kerala
  • Netherlands
  • remains

Cite this

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title = "Sub-fossil evidence for fungal hyperparasitism (Isthmospora spinosa on Meliola ellisii, on Calluna vulgaris) in a Holocene intermediate ombrotrophic bog in northern-England",
abstract = "We analysed a Holocene peat deposit from an intermediate ombrotrophic bog in northern-England (Butterbum Flow), for micro- and macrofossils and discovered the hyperparasite Isthmospora spinosa together with its host, the ascomycete Meliola ellisii, which was a parasite on local Calluna vulgaris. This is the first fossil evidence for hyperparasitism in Quaternary palaeoecological research. The relationship between the three taxa is evident from the fossil record, but does not fit in with information from the mycological literature. Hitherto Isthmospora spinosa is only known from the tropics, and extant Meliola ellisii was observed on Vaccinium species and not on Calluna vulgaris. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Calluna vulgaris, Holocene, hyperparasitism, Isthmospora spinosa, Meliola ellisii, palynology, Kerala, Netherlands, remains",
author = "{Van Geel}, B. and A. Aptroot and Dmitri Mauquoy",
year = "2006",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.revpalbo.2005.12.004",
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volume = "141",
pages = "121--126",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Sub-fossil evidence for fungal hyperparasitism (Isthmospora spinosa on Meliola ellisii, on Calluna vulgaris) in a Holocene intermediate ombrotrophic bog in northern-England

AU - Van Geel, B.

AU - Aptroot, A.

AU - Mauquoy, Dmitri

PY - 2006/8

Y1 - 2006/8

N2 - We analysed a Holocene peat deposit from an intermediate ombrotrophic bog in northern-England (Butterbum Flow), for micro- and macrofossils and discovered the hyperparasite Isthmospora spinosa together with its host, the ascomycete Meliola ellisii, which was a parasite on local Calluna vulgaris. This is the first fossil evidence for hyperparasitism in Quaternary palaeoecological research. The relationship between the three taxa is evident from the fossil record, but does not fit in with information from the mycological literature. Hitherto Isthmospora spinosa is only known from the tropics, and extant Meliola ellisii was observed on Vaccinium species and not on Calluna vulgaris. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - We analysed a Holocene peat deposit from an intermediate ombrotrophic bog in northern-England (Butterbum Flow), for micro- and macrofossils and discovered the hyperparasite Isthmospora spinosa together with its host, the ascomycete Meliola ellisii, which was a parasite on local Calluna vulgaris. This is the first fossil evidence for hyperparasitism in Quaternary palaeoecological research. The relationship between the three taxa is evident from the fossil record, but does not fit in with information from the mycological literature. Hitherto Isthmospora spinosa is only known from the tropics, and extant Meliola ellisii was observed on Vaccinium species and not on Calluna vulgaris. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Calluna vulgaris

KW - Holocene

KW - hyperparasitism

KW - Isthmospora spinosa

KW - Meliola ellisii

KW - palynology

KW - Kerala

KW - Netherlands

KW - remains

U2 - 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2005.12.004

DO - 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2005.12.004

M3 - Article

VL - 141

SP - 121

EP - 126

JO - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology

JF - Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology

SN - 0034-6667

IS - 1-2

ER -