The dephosphorylation of phosphatidic acid by phosphatidic acid phosphohydrolase (PAP) is important in both cell-signalling and in glycerolipid metabolism. However, these roles are apparently performed by two different enzymes, which can be distinguished by their sensitivity in vitro to N-ethylmaleimide (NEM). Both of these enzymes are present in rat brain as well as a wide range of other rat tissues. However, the quantity and specific activity of each enzyme varies considerably between different tissues, as does the ratio of the two enzymes in each tissue. Tissues rich in glycerolipids are abundant in NEM-sensitive PAP, whereas there is no obvious pattern to the distribution of the NEM-insensitive enzyme in the different tissues tested. Studies on brain cortex, which is relatively rich in both forms of PAP, indicate that the NEM-insensitive PAP is located in the synaptosomes, and the NEM-sensitive enzyme present in the cytosol and microsomes. The NEM-sensitive PAP can also be translocated from the cytosol to the microsomes by oleate. When assayed against a range of phosphatidic acids, NEM-sensitive PAP showed a preference for phosphatidic acids with short acyl chains and for those containing arachidonate, whereas NEM-insensitive PAP had a preference for short and unsaturated acyl chains. The two isozymes also had different activity profiles against these substrates suggesting that they are in fact different enzymes. The implications for these results on the putative roles of the two forms of PAP are discussed.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta|
|Publication status||Published - 1995|
- Cell Fractionation
- Cerebral Cortex
- Phosphatidate Phosphatase
- Phosphatidic Acids
- Rats, Wistar
- Structure-Activity Relationship
- Subcellular Fractions
- Substrate Specificity
Fleming, I. N., & Yeaman, S. J. (1995). Subcellular distribution of N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive and -insensitive phosphatidic acid phosphohydrolase in rat brain. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 1254(2), 161-8.