An improvement in long-term outcomes for malignancies and non-malignant conditions, together with a review of the NICE Guideline, has led to a need to provide clinical services to deal with the sequelae of disease, its treatment, and subsequent survival of young people diagnosed with cancer. In this article, we describe fertility preservation in an adolescent female diagnosed with Myelodysplastic/pre-malignant Clone with Monosomy 7 with pathophysiology like that of chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) with known genetic markers in the tumour cells. We used random start controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) leading to oocyte collection and vitrification of metaphase II oocytes. Despite successful COS and vitrification, there remain numerous ethical considerations that merit more focussed discussion. Not least, in determining best practice for informed consent, but consideration of individualised protocols for ovarian stimulation, monitoring follicular development, together with prevention of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) when considering most appropriate trigger for oocyte maturation. Random-start controlled ovarian stimulation and oocyte vitrification for adolescent girls diagnosed with cancer can be safely achieved through a collaborative, multidisciplinary and expert team approach. This case study offers a promising approach to fertility preservation, and would minimise the risk of introducing malignant cells after recovery.
- Fertility preservation
- childhood cancer