Superconducting La1.5-xBa1.5+x-yCayCu3Oz solid solutions I. Phase diagram, cation stoichiometry and Tc data

J. M S Skakle*, A. R. West

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The phase diagram for the LaBCCO solid solutions La1.5-xBa1.5+x-yCayCu3Oz has been determined in air at 950°C. Solid solution form over the complete composition range 0≤x≤0.5, 0≤y≤0.5 apart from composition at high x and low y, centred on the La-123 composition LaBa2Cu3Oz. The LaBCCO solid solutions are tetragonal at all oxygen contents and are structurally distinct from tetragonal/orthorhombic La-123, which can be prepared as a stoichiometric phase by reaction in Ar. Tc values of the LaBCCO solid solutions increase linearly with x at constant y and with y at constant x for samples prepared under the same conditions. Maximum Tc is ∼78 K for x=y=0.5 for samples that were oxygen annealed at 400°C. The melting behaviour of the LaBCCO solid solutions has been determined. Melting temperatures increase with both decreasing x and y; the La-336 composition has the highest melting temperature (∼1180°C) and melts incongruently to La2CuO4 + liquid.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-194
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its Applications
Volume220
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1994

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Stoichiometry
Phase diagrams
Cations
stoichiometry
Solid solutions
solid solutions
Positive ions
phase diagrams
cations
melting
Chemical analysis
Melting point
Oxygen
oxygen
Melting
temperature
air
Liquids
liquids
Air

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Superconducting La1.5-xBa1.5+x-yCayCu3Oz solid solutions I. Phase diagram, cation stoichiometry and Tc data. / Skakle, J. M S; West, A. R.

In: Physica C: Superconductivity and its Applications, Vol. 220, No. 1-2, 01.02.1994, p. 187-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The phase diagram for the LaBCCO solid solutions La1.5-xBa1.5+x-yCayCu3Oz has been determined in air at 950°C. Solid solution form over the complete composition range 0≤x≤0.5, 0≤y≤0.5 apart from composition at high x and low y, centred on the La-123 composition LaBa2Cu3Oz. The LaBCCO solid solutions are tetragonal at all oxygen contents and are structurally distinct from tetragonal/orthorhombic La-123, which can be prepared as a stoichiometric phase by reaction in Ar. Tc values of the LaBCCO solid solutions increase linearly with x at constant y and with y at constant x for samples prepared under the same conditions. Maximum Tc is ∼78 K for x=y=0.5 for samples that were oxygen annealed at 400°C. The melting behaviour of the LaBCCO solid solutions has been determined. Melting temperatures increase with both decreasing x and y; the La-336 composition has the highest melting temperature (∼1180°C) and melts incongruently to La2CuO4 + liquid.",
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N2 - The phase diagram for the LaBCCO solid solutions La1.5-xBa1.5+x-yCayCu3Oz has been determined in air at 950°C. Solid solution form over the complete composition range 0≤x≤0.5, 0≤y≤0.5 apart from composition at high x and low y, centred on the La-123 composition LaBa2Cu3Oz. The LaBCCO solid solutions are tetragonal at all oxygen contents and are structurally distinct from tetragonal/orthorhombic La-123, which can be prepared as a stoichiometric phase by reaction in Ar. Tc values of the LaBCCO solid solutions increase linearly with x at constant y and with y at constant x for samples prepared under the same conditions. Maximum Tc is ∼78 K for x=y=0.5 for samples that were oxygen annealed at 400°C. The melting behaviour of the LaBCCO solid solutions has been determined. Melting temperatures increase with both decreasing x and y; the La-336 composition has the highest melting temperature (∼1180°C) and melts incongruently to La2CuO4 + liquid.

AB - The phase diagram for the LaBCCO solid solutions La1.5-xBa1.5+x-yCayCu3Oz has been determined in air at 950°C. Solid solution form over the complete composition range 0≤x≤0.5, 0≤y≤0.5 apart from composition at high x and low y, centred on the La-123 composition LaBa2Cu3Oz. The LaBCCO solid solutions are tetragonal at all oxygen contents and are structurally distinct from tetragonal/orthorhombic La-123, which can be prepared as a stoichiometric phase by reaction in Ar. Tc values of the LaBCCO solid solutions increase linearly with x at constant y and with y at constant x for samples prepared under the same conditions. Maximum Tc is ∼78 K for x=y=0.5 for samples that were oxygen annealed at 400°C. The melting behaviour of the LaBCCO solid solutions has been determined. Melting temperatures increase with both decreasing x and y; the La-336 composition has the highest melting temperature (∼1180°C) and melts incongruently to La2CuO4 + liquid.

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