A selection of novel, chiral supramolecular liquid crystals formed by hydrogen-bonding are reported and their phase properties characterised by polarised optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction and resonant soft X-ray diffraction. Their behaviour is compared to that of their achiral analogues. The binary mixture of the bent-shaped, non-mesogenic H-bond acceptor 1OB6OS and chiral H-bond donor (S)-(2-Me)4OBA exhibits chiral nematic (N∗) and chiral smectic A (SmA∗) phases. Doping the twist-bend nematogenic (NTB) complex 1OB6OS:4OBA with (S)-(2-Me)4OBA in ternary mixtures induces a transition from the N∗ phase to the chiral twist-bend nematic phase N∗TB, the first example seen in a supramolecular liquid crystal. The binary mixture of CB6OS and (S)-(2-Me)4OBA exhibits N∗ and N∗TB phases, with the helical structure of the latter having a periodicity of approximately 2 complex lengths (∼8 nm). The nature of the hydrogen bond is reversed in a binary mixture of the bent-shaped, twist-bend nematogen CB6OBA with (S)-(2-Me)4OBA, and this exhibits the phase sequence N∗-N∗TB-SmC∗-SmX.
|Number of pages||9|
|Early online date||2 Jul 2020|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Sep 2020|