Surgical revascularisation in patients with severe limb ischaemia induces a pro-thrombotic state

P. Collins, Isobel Ford, Michael Greaves, Ewan MacAulay, Julie Brittenden

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Abstract

Platelet and coagulation activation are implicated in the increased incidence of ischaemic events seen in patients with peripheral arterial disease. This study aimed to assess the effect of surgical revascularisation on platelet aggregation and coagulation in patients with severe limb ischaemia (SLI). Twenty-two patients had blood samples taken: prior to surgery, on reperfusion, 2, 24 and 48 h post-surgery. Platelet aggregation through COX-mediated and thrombin receptor activator peptide (TRAP)-stimulated GPIIb/IIIa pathways was measured by the Ultegra point of care system. Thrombin-antithrombin III Complex (TAT) and D-dimer were measured by ELISA. COX-mediated aggregation increased significantly at reperfusion and remained elevated at 24 h [median increase from baseline of 9% (range -16 to 33%) P = 0.011]. TRAP-stimulated aggregation increased significantly at reperfusion and remained elevated at 2 h post-surgery [median increase 18% (range -71 to 45%); P = 0.007]. TAT levels were significantly elevated from reperfusion and remained so at 48 h (P < 0.003), whereas D-dimer only increased at 24 h (P = 0.014). For the first time, we have demonstrated that in patients with SLI, platelet aggregation is increased following surgery and there is a mismatch in the balance between the coagulation and fibrinolytic pathways despite the use of aspirin and heparin. Thus in the early postoperative these patients exhibit a pro-thrombotic state.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-317
Number of pages7
JournalPlatelets
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • platelet aggregation
  • thrombin-antithrombin
  • D-dimer
  • surgical revascularisation
  • peripheral arterial disease
  • vascular surgery
  • carotid endarterectomy
  • myocardial infarction
  • platelet activation
  • P-selectin
  • aspirin resistance
  • coagulation
  • heparin
  • stress

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