Survival from cancer in teenagers and young adults in England, 1979-2003

J M Birch, D Pang, R D Alston, S Rowan, M Geraci, A Moran, T O B Eden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cancer is the leading cause of disease-related death in teenagers and young adults aged 13–24 years (TYAs) in England. We have analysed national 5-year relative survival among more than 30¿000 incident cancer cases in TYAs. For cancer overall, 5-year survival improved from 63% in 1979–84 to 74% during 1996–2001 (P<0.001). However, there were no sustained improvements in survival over time among high-grade brain tumours and bone and soft tissue sarcomas. Survival patterns varied by age group (13–16, 17–20, 21–24 years), sex and diagnosis. Survival from leukaemia and brain tumours was better in the youngest age group but in the oldest from germ-cell tumours (GCTs). For lymphomas, bone and soft tissue sarcomas, melanoma and carcinomas, survival was not significantly associated with age. Females had a better survival than males except for GCTs. Most groups showed no association between survival and socioeconomic deprivation, but for leukaemias, head and neck carcinoma and colorectal carcinoma, survival was significantly poorer with increasing deprivation. These results will aid the development of national specialised service provision for this age group and identify areas of clinical need that present the greatest challenges.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)830-835
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume99
Issue number5
Early online date19 Aug 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2008

Fingerprint

England
Young Adult
Survival
Neoplasms
Age Groups
Brain Neoplasms
Sarcoma
Leukemia
Carcinoma
Bone and Bones
Germ Cell and Embryonal Neoplasms
Colorectal Neoplasms
Melanoma
Lymphoma
Neck
Head

Keywords

  • adolescent
  • adult
  • England
  • humans
  • neoplasms
  • socioeconomic factors
  • survival analysis
  • cancer survival
  • trends
  • teenagers and young adults
  • national cancer statistics
  • socioeconomic deprivation
  • Teenagers and Young Adults

Cite this

Birch, J. M., Pang, D., Alston, R. D., Rowan, S., Geraci, M., Moran, A., & Eden, T. O. B. (2008). Survival from cancer in teenagers and young adults in England, 1979-2003. British Journal of Cancer, 99(5), 830-835. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6604460

Survival from cancer in teenagers and young adults in England, 1979-2003. / Birch, J M; Pang, D; Alston, R D; Rowan, S; Geraci, M; Moran, A; Eden, T O B.

In: British Journal of Cancer, Vol. 99, No. 5, 26.08.2008, p. 830-835.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Birch, JM, Pang, D, Alston, RD, Rowan, S, Geraci, M, Moran, A & Eden, TOB 2008, 'Survival from cancer in teenagers and young adults in England, 1979-2003', British Journal of Cancer, vol. 99, no. 5, pp. 830-835. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6604460
Birch JM, Pang D, Alston RD, Rowan S, Geraci M, Moran A et al. Survival from cancer in teenagers and young adults in England, 1979-2003. British Journal of Cancer. 2008 Aug 26;99(5):830-835. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6604460
Birch, J M ; Pang, D ; Alston, R D ; Rowan, S ; Geraci, M ; Moran, A ; Eden, T O B. / Survival from cancer in teenagers and young adults in England, 1979-2003. In: British Journal of Cancer. 2008 ; Vol. 99, No. 5. pp. 830-835.
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