Background: Sutureless re-anastomosis per laparoscopy is an alternative for microsurgical re-anastomosis by laparotomy in the treatment of sterilized women with renewed child wish. Our aim was to compare pregnancy rates after both surgical techniques. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study in which consecutive women who underwent sutureless re-anastomosis per laparoscopy were compared to women who underwent microsurgical re-anastomosis by laparotomy. Both procedures were performed in neighbouring hospitals in Northern-Brabant, The Netherlands, and women were matched for age. The primary outcome was time to ongoing pregnancy. Results: Overall, we included 41 women who had sutureless re-anastomosis by laparoscopy, and 41 age-matched women who underwent microsurgical re-anastomosis by laparotomy. The number of women who conceived was 20 (15 ongoing pregnancies) in the sutureless laparoscopic group versus 26 (24 ongoing pregnancies) in the laparotomic group, a difference due to a longer follow-up period in the laparotomic group. Time to ongoing pregnancy was comparable in both groups (P=0.46), with 3 year cumulative ongoing pregnancy rates of 45 and 52% respectively. After adjustment for other prognostic factors, the fecundity rate ratio was 0.97 (95% CI 0.26-3.6), indicating a similar performance of the two techniques. Conclusion: The simplified stitchless laparoscopic procedure for reversal of tubal sterilization with the use of a tubal splint, clip fixation of the muscularis and fibrin glue resulted in a promising pregnancy rate, which was similar to the pregnancy rate obtained with the microsurgical re-anastomosis per laparotomy.