Switching between control and phytohaemagglutinin-containing diets affects growth of Krebs II ascites cells and produces differences in the levels of putrescine, spermidine and spermine

I F PRYME, S BARDOCZ, George Grant, T J DUGUID, David Stanley Brown, A PUSZTAI

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Abstract

Almost twice as many ascites tumour cells were recovered from mice pre-fed for 3 days on a lactalbumin (La)-based control diet, injected with Krebs II ascites cells and then maintained on the same diet for a further 8 days, when compared with mice fed on a phytohaemagglutinin-containing (PHA) diet for the whole period. A dietary switch on the day of injection of tumour cells produced an intermediate effect; mice switched to the La diet after pre-feeding on PHA for 3 days developed somewhat more tumour cells than when the opposite dietary switch was performed. The polyamine content in the tumour cells was lowest in the mice fed on La, and highest in mice fed PHA for the duration of the experiment, respectively. Since large amounts of extraneous polyamines are required in order to sustain tumour growth, and the hyperplastic growth of the gut which occurs in response to injesting the lectin is a polyamine-dependent process, it is evident that the two growth signals compete with one another for important nutrients/growth factors, including polyamines.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-237
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Letters
Volume93
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jul 1995

Keywords

  • phytohemagglutinin
  • lectin
  • polyamine
  • tumor cell
  • growth
  • phaseolus-vulgaris lectin
  • rat small-intestine
  • polyamine metabolism

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