Synthetic biology routes to bio-artificial intelligence

Darren N. Nesbeth, Alexey Zaikin, Yasushi Saka, M. Carmen Romano, Claudiu V. Giuraniuc, Oleg Kanakov, Tetyana Laptyeva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The design of synthetic gene networks has advanced to the extent that novel genetic circuits are now being tested for their ability to recapitulate archetypal learning behaviours first defined in the fields of machine and animal learning. Here, we discuss the biological implementation of a perceptron algorithm for linear classification of input data. An expansion of this biological design that encompasses cellular 'teachers' and 'students' is also examined. We also discuss implementation of Pavlovian associative learning using synthetic gene networks and present an example of such a scheme and in silico simulation of its performance. In addition to designed synthetic gene networks, we also consider the option to establish conditions in which a population of synthetic gene networks can evolve diversity in order to better contend with complex input data. Finally, we compare recent ethical concerns in the field of artificial intelligence and the future challenges raised by bio-artificial intelligence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-391
Number of pages11
JournalEssays in Biochemistry
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Nov 2016

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Synthetic Biology
Synthetic Genes
Gene Regulatory Networks
Artificial Intelligence
Artificial intelligence
Genes
Learning
Aptitude
Neural Networks (Computer)
Computer Simulation
Animals
Students
Neural networks
Networks (circuits)
Population

Cite this

Synthetic biology routes to bio-artificial intelligence. / Nesbeth, Darren N.; Zaikin, Alexey; Saka, Yasushi; Romano, M. Carmen; Giuraniuc, Claudiu V.; Kanakov, Oleg ; Laptyeva, Tetyana .

In: Essays in Biochemistry, Vol. 60, No. 4, 30.11.2016, p. 381-391.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nesbeth, DN, Zaikin, A, Saka, Y, Romano, MC, Giuraniuc, CV, Kanakov, O & Laptyeva, T 2016, 'Synthetic biology routes to bio-artificial intelligence', Essays in Biochemistry, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 381-391. https://doi.org/10.1042/EBC20160014
Nesbeth, Darren N. ; Zaikin, Alexey ; Saka, Yasushi ; Romano, M. Carmen ; Giuraniuc, Claudiu V. ; Kanakov, Oleg ; Laptyeva, Tetyana . / Synthetic biology routes to bio-artificial intelligence. In: Essays in Biochemistry. 2016 ; Vol. 60, No. 4. pp. 381-391.
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