Temperatures recorded by cosmogenic noble gases since the last glacial maximum in the Maritime Alps

Marissa M. Tremblay (Corresponding Author), David L. Shuster, Matteo Spagnolo, Hans Renssen, Adriano Ribolini

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Abstract

While proxy records have been used to reconstruct late Quaternary climate parameters throughout the European Alps, our knowledge of deglacial climate conditions in the Maritime Alps is limited. Here, we report temperatures recorded by a new and independent geochemical technique—cosmogenic noble gas paleothermometry—in the Maritime Alps since the last glacial maximum. We measured cosmogenic 3He in quartz from boulders in nested moraines in the Gesso Valley, Italy. Paired with cosmogenic 10Be measurements and 3He diffusion experiments on quartz from the same boulders, the cosmogenic 3He abundances record the temperatures these boulders experienced during their exposure. We calculate effective diffusion temperatures (EDTs) over the last ∼22 ka ranging from 8°C to 25°C. These EDTs, which are functionally related to, but greater than, mean ambient temperatures, are consistent with temperatures inferred from other proxies in nearby Alpine regions and those predicted by a transient general circulation model. In detail, however, we also find different EDTs for boulders from the same moraines, thus limiting our ability to interpret these temperatures. We explore possible causes for these intra-moraine discrepancies, including variations in radiative heating, our treatment of complex helium diffusion, uncertainties in our grain size analyses, and unaccounted-for erosion or cosmogenic inheritance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-847
Number of pages19
JournalQuaternary Research
Volume91
Issue number2
Early online date11 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019

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noble gas
Last Glacial Maximum
temperature
quartz
Gas
Temperature
Alps
moraine
climate conditions
helium
general circulation model
grain size
heating
erosion
valley
climate

Keywords

  • cosmogenic isotopes
  • paleoclimate
  • Quaternary
  • Europe
  • Cosmogenic isotopes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Temperatures recorded by cosmogenic noble gases since the last glacial maximum in the Maritime Alps. / Tremblay, Marissa M. (Corresponding Author); Shuster, David L.; Spagnolo, Matteo; Renssen, Hans; Ribolini, Adriano.

In: Quaternary Research, Vol. 91, No. 2, 03.2019, p. 829-847.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tremblay, Marissa M. ; Shuster, David L. ; Spagnolo, Matteo ; Renssen, Hans ; Ribolini, Adriano. / Temperatures recorded by cosmogenic noble gases since the last glacial maximum in the Maritime Alps. In: Quaternary Research. 2019 ; Vol. 91, No. 2. pp. 829-847.
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abstract = "While proxy records have been used to reconstruct late Quaternary climate parameters throughout the European Alps, our knowledge of deglacial climate conditions in the Maritime Alps is limited. Here, we report temperatures recorded by a new and independent geochemical technique—cosmogenic noble gas paleothermometry—in the Maritime Alps since the last glacial maximum. We measured cosmogenic 3He in quartz from boulders in nested moraines in the Gesso Valley, Italy. Paired with cosmogenic 10Be measurements and 3He diffusion experiments on quartz from the same boulders, the cosmogenic 3He abundances record the temperatures these boulders experienced during their exposure. We calculate effective diffusion temperatures (EDTs) over the last ∼22 ka ranging from 8°C to 25°C. These EDTs, which are functionally related to, but greater than, mean ambient temperatures, are consistent with temperatures inferred from other proxies in nearby Alpine regions and those predicted by a transient general circulation model. In detail, however, we also find different EDTs for boulders from the same moraines, thus limiting our ability to interpret these temperatures. We explore possible causes for these intra-moraine discrepancies, including variations in radiative heating, our treatment of complex helium diffusion, uncertainties in our grain size analyses, and unaccounted-for erosion or cosmogenic inheritance.",
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