Temporal trends in femoral curvature and length in medieval and modern Scotland

W. Bruns, Margaret F Bruce, Gordon James Prescott, N. Maffulli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured how much the radius of the anterior curvature and the length of the femoral shaft of cadaveric bones have changed from medieval to recent times. Around 20 (x, y) coordinates of a virtual coordinate system were measured at intervals of 1.5 cm along the shaft of the femur to calculate one single radius of a virtual circle in the (x, y) plane. The median radii of curvature were 119, 141, and 158 em for medieval, early, and late 20th century femora, respectively. Early and late 20th century femora were of similar length (45 cm), but medieval femora were shorter (43.5 cm). Femora have become not only longer but also straighter since the Middle Ages. These findings account in part for the increase in height of modern generations. Size and shape changes may have significant implications for the biomechanical response of the femur to the forces to which it is subjected in everyday life, in trauma, and following surgical intervention. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)224-230
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Anthropology
Volume119
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords

  • anthropometry
  • secular trends
  • population studies
  • FEMUR
  • GEOMETRY
  • AGE

Cite this

Temporal trends in femoral curvature and length in medieval and modern Scotland. / Bruns, W.; Bruce, Margaret F; Prescott, Gordon James; Maffulli, N.

In: American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Vol. 119, No. 3, 2002, p. 224-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6628a905273d48b596ef921c91ade388,
title = "Temporal trends in femoral curvature and length in medieval and modern Scotland",
abstract = "We measured how much the radius of the anterior curvature and the length of the femoral shaft of cadaveric bones have changed from medieval to recent times. Around 20 (x, y) coordinates of a virtual coordinate system were measured at intervals of 1.5 cm along the shaft of the femur to calculate one single radius of a virtual circle in the (x, y) plane. The median radii of curvature were 119, 141, and 158 em for medieval, early, and late 20th century femora, respectively. Early and late 20th century femora were of similar length (45 cm), but medieval femora were shorter (43.5 cm). Femora have become not only longer but also straighter since the Middle Ages. These findings account in part for the increase in height of modern generations. Size and shape changes may have significant implications for the biomechanical response of the femur to the forces to which it is subjected in everyday life, in trauma, and following surgical intervention. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.",
keywords = "anthropometry, secular trends, population studies, FEMUR, GEOMETRY, AGE",
author = "W. Bruns and Bruce, {Margaret F} and Prescott, {Gordon James} and N. Maffulli",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1002/ajpa.10113",
language = "English",
volume = "119",
pages = "224--230",
journal = "American Journal of Physical Anthropology",
issn = "0002-9483",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Temporal trends in femoral curvature and length in medieval and modern Scotland

AU - Bruns, W.

AU - Bruce, Margaret F

AU - Prescott, Gordon James

AU - Maffulli, N.

PY - 2002

Y1 - 2002

N2 - We measured how much the radius of the anterior curvature and the length of the femoral shaft of cadaveric bones have changed from medieval to recent times. Around 20 (x, y) coordinates of a virtual coordinate system were measured at intervals of 1.5 cm along the shaft of the femur to calculate one single radius of a virtual circle in the (x, y) plane. The median radii of curvature were 119, 141, and 158 em for medieval, early, and late 20th century femora, respectively. Early and late 20th century femora were of similar length (45 cm), but medieval femora were shorter (43.5 cm). Femora have become not only longer but also straighter since the Middle Ages. These findings account in part for the increase in height of modern generations. Size and shape changes may have significant implications for the biomechanical response of the femur to the forces to which it is subjected in everyday life, in trauma, and following surgical intervention. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

AB - We measured how much the radius of the anterior curvature and the length of the femoral shaft of cadaveric bones have changed from medieval to recent times. Around 20 (x, y) coordinates of a virtual coordinate system were measured at intervals of 1.5 cm along the shaft of the femur to calculate one single radius of a virtual circle in the (x, y) plane. The median radii of curvature were 119, 141, and 158 em for medieval, early, and late 20th century femora, respectively. Early and late 20th century femora were of similar length (45 cm), but medieval femora were shorter (43.5 cm). Femora have become not only longer but also straighter since the Middle Ages. These findings account in part for the increase in height of modern generations. Size and shape changes may have significant implications for the biomechanical response of the femur to the forces to which it is subjected in everyday life, in trauma, and following surgical intervention. (C) 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

KW - anthropometry

KW - secular trends

KW - population studies

KW - FEMUR

KW - GEOMETRY

KW - AGE

U2 - 10.1002/ajpa.10113

DO - 10.1002/ajpa.10113

M3 - Article

VL - 119

SP - 224

EP - 230

JO - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

JF - American Journal of Physical Anthropology

SN - 0002-9483

IS - 3

ER -