The ASOS Surgical Risk Calculator: development and validation of a tool for identifying African surgical patients at risk of severe postoperative complications

H.-L. Kluyts, Y. Le Manach, D.M. Munlemvo, F. Madzimbamuto, A. Basenero, Y. Coulibaly, R.R. Rakotoarison, V. Gobin, A.L. Samateh, M.S. Chaibou, A.O. Omigbodun, S.D. Amanor-Boadu, J. Tumukunde, T.E. Madiba, R.M. Pearse, B.M. Biccard, H. Abadagan, N. Abbas, A.I. Abdelatif, T. AbdoulayeA. Abd-rouf, A. Abduljalil, A. Abdulrahman, S. Abdurazig, A. Abokris, W. Abozaid, S.O.A. Abugassa, F. Abuhdema, S.A. Abujanah, R. Abusamra, A. Abushnaf, S.A. Abusnina, T.S. Abuzalout, H.M. Ackermann, Y.B. Adamu, A. Addanfour, D.M. Adeleke, T.A. Adigun, A.O. Adisa, S.V. Adjignon, N.A. Adu-Aryee, B.B. Afolabi, A.F.X. Agaba, P.K.A. Agaba, K. Aghadi, H. Agilla, B. Ahmed, E.-Z. Ahmed, A.-J. Ahmed, M. Ahmed, R. Ahossi, S.A. Aji, S. Akanyun, I. Akhideno, M. Akhter, O.A. Akinyemi, M. Akkari, J. Akodjenou, A.L. Samateh, E.S. al Shams, O.T. Alagbe-Briggs, E.A. Alakkari, R.B. Alalem, M. Alashhab, O.I. Alatise, A. Alatresh, M.S.I. Alayeb Alayeb, B.A. Albakosh, F. Albert, A.N.J.D. Alberts, A.D. Aldarrat, A. Alfari, A. Alfetore, M. Algbali, A. Algddar, H.A. Algedar, I.A. Alghafoud, A. Alghazali, M. Alhajj, A. Alhendery Alhendery, F.F.H. Alhoty, A. Ali, Y.A. Ali, A. Ali, B.S. Alioune, M.A. Alkassem, M.A. Alkchr, T.S. Alkesa, A. Alkilani, F. Alkobty Alkobty, T. Allaye, S.B.M. Alleesaib, A. Alli, K. Allopi, N.L. Allorto, A. Almajbery, R. Almesmary, S.H.A. Almisslati, F. Almoraid, H. Alobeidi, M.A. Alomami, C.S. Alphonsus, O.A. Alqawi, A.A. Alraheem, S.A. Alsabri, A. Alsayed, B. Alsellabi, M. Al-Serksi, M.S.A. Alshareef, A.A. Altagazi, J.S. Aluvale, H.W. Alwahedi, E.A. Alzahra, M.A. Alzarouk, K. Al-Zubaidy, M. Amadou, M. Amadou, S.D. Amanor-Boadu, A.-A. Amer, B.T. Amisi, M.A. Amuthenu, T.W.A. Anabah, F. Anani, P.G.R. Anderson, A.G.B. Andriamampionona, L. Andrianina, A. Anele, R. Angelin, N. Anjar, O. Antùnez, A. Antwi-Kusi, L.J.C. Anyanwu, A.A. Aribi, O.A. Arowolo, O. Arrey, D.Z. Ashebir, S.B. Assefa, G. Assoum, V. Athanse, J.S. Athombo, M. Atiku, E. Atito-Narh, A. Atomabe, A. Attia, M. Aungraheeta, D.M.A. Aurélia, O.O. Ayandipo, A.E.T. Ayebale, H.M.Z. Azzaidey, N.B. Babajee, H.B. Badi, E.K. Badianga, R.B. Baghni, M.T. Bahta, M. Bai, Y. Baitchu, A.M. Baloyi, K.A. Bamuza, M.I. Bamuza, L. Bangure, O.B. Bankole, M.L. Barongo, M.M. Barow, A. Basenero, L. Bashiya, C.H. Basson, S. Bechan, S. Belhaj, M.M. Ben Mansour, D. Benali, A.S.B. Benamour, A. Berhe, J.D. Bertie, J.J.A. Bester, M. Bester, J.D. Bezuidenhout, K. Bhagwan, D.R. Bhagwandass, K.A.P. Bhat, M.M.Z.U. Bhuiyan, B.M. Biccard*, F. Bigirimana, C.J. Bikuelo, B.E. Bilby, S.S. Bingidimi, K.E. Bischof, D.G. Bishop, C. Bitta, M. Bittaye, T. Biyase, C.A. Blake, E. Blignaut, F. Blignaut, B.N. BN Tanjong, A. Bogoslovskiy, P.M. Boloko, S.K.B. Boodhun, I. Bori, F. Boufas, M. Brand, N.T. Brouckaert, J.D. Bruwer, I. Buccimazza, I.M. Bula Bula, F. Bulamba, B.C. Businge, Y.B. Bwambale, S.R.C. Cacala, M.A. Cadersa, C. Cairns, F. Carlos, M.E. Casey, A.C. Castro, N.D. Chabayanzara, M.S. Chaibou, T.N.O. Chaibva, N.K. Chakafa, C. Chalo, C. Changfoot, M.C. Chari, L. Chelbi, J.T. Chibanda, H.N. Chifamba, N. Chikh, E. Chikumba, P. Chimberengwa, J. Chirengwa, F.M. Chitungo, M.C. Chiwanga, M.M. Chokoe, T.M. Chokwe, B. Chrirangi, M. Christian, B. Church, J.C. Cisekedi, J.N. Clegg-Lamptey, E. Cloete, M. Coltman, W. Conradie, N. Constance, Y. Coulibaly, L. Cronje, M.A. Da Silva, H. Daddy, L. Dahim, D. Daliri, M.S. Dambaki, A. Dasrath, J.G. Davids, G.L. Davies, J.T. De Lange, J.B. de Wet, B. Dedekind, M.A. Degaulle, V. Dehal, P.D. Deka, S. Delinikaytis, I.S. Desalu, H. Dewanou, M.B.M. Deye, C. Dhege, B.S.G. Diale, D.F. Dibwe, B.J.S. Diedericks, J.M. Dippenaar, L. Dippenaar, M.P. Diyoyo, E. Djessouho, S.N. Dlamini, A. Dodiyi-Manuel, B.A. Dokolwana, D.P. Domoyyeri, L.W. Drummond, D.E. du Plessis, W.M. du Plessis, L.J. du Preez, K. Dube, N.Z. Dube, K.D. Dullab, R. Duvenhage, R.C. Echem, S.A. Edaigbini, A.K. Egote, A. Ehouni, G. Ekwen, N.C. Ekwunife, M. El Hensheri, I.E. Elfaghi, M.A. Elfagieh, S. Elfallah, M. Elfiky, S. Elgelany, A.M. Elghallal, M.G. Elghandouri, Z.S. Elghazal, A.M. Elghobashy, F.T. Elharati, A.M. Elkhogia, R.M. Elkhwildi, S. Ellis, L. Elmadani, H.B. Elmadany, H. Elmehdawi, A. Elmgadmi, H. Eloi, D. Elrafifi, G. Elsaadi, R.B. Elsaity, A. Elshikhy, M. Eltaguri, A. Elwerfelli, I.E. Elyasir, A.Z. Elzoway, A.M. Elzufri, E.O. Enendu, B.C. Enicker, E.O. Enwerem, R. Esayas, M. Eshtiwi, A.A. Eshwehdi, J.L. Esterhuizen, T.M. Esterhuizen, E.B. Etuk, O. Eurayet, O.R. Eyelade, R.F. Fanjandrainy, L. Fanou, Z. Farina, M. Fawzy, A. Feituri, N.L. Fernandes, L.M. Ford, P. Forget, T. François, T. Freeman, Y.B.M. Freeman, V.M. Gacii, B. Gadi, M. Gagara, A. Gakenia, P.D. Gallou, G.G.N. Gama, M.G. Gamal, Y.G. Gandy, A. Ganesh, D. Gangaly, M. Garcia, A.P. Gatheru, S.S.D. Gaya, O. Gbéhadé, G. Gerbel, A. Ghnain, R. Gigabhoy, D.G. Giles, G.T. Girmaye, S. Gitau, B. Githae, S. Gitta, V. Gobin, R. Goga, A.A.G. Gomati, M.E. Gonzalez, J. Gopall, C.S. Gordon, O. Gorelyk, M. Gova, K. Govender, P. Govender, S. Govender, V. Govindasamy, J.T.K. Green-Harris, M.B. Greenwood, S.V. Grey-Johnson, M. Grobbelaar, M.A. Groenewald, K.K. Grünewald, A. Guegni, M. Guenane, S. Gueye, M. Guezo, T. Gunguwo, M.G. Gweder, M. Gwila, L. Habimana, R. Hadecon, E. Hadia, L. Hamadi, M. Hammouda, M.I. Hampton, R. Hanta, T.C. Hardcastle, J.A. Hariniaina, S. Hariparsad, A.H. Harissou, R. Harrichandparsad, S.H.A. Hasan, H.B. Hashmi, M.P. Hayes, A. Hdud, S.H. Hebli, H.M.S.N. Heerah, S. Hersi, A.H. Hery, A. Hewitt-Smith, T.C. Hlako, S.C.H. Hodges, R.E. Hodgson, M. Hokoma, H. Holder, E.B. Holford, E. Horugavye, C. Houston, M. Hove, D. Hugo, C.M. Human, H. Hurri, O. Huwidi, A.I. Ibrahim, T. Ibrahim, O.K. Idowu, I.E. Igaga, J. Igenge, O. Ihezie, K. Ikandi, I.A.R. Ike, J.J.N. Ikuku, M.N. Ilbarasi, I.B.B. Ilunga, J.P.M. Ilunga, N.A.V. Imbangu, Z. Imessaoudene, D.H. Imposo, A.M. Iraya, M. Isaacs, M. Isiguzo, A. Issoufou, P. Izquirdo, A. Jaber, U.V. Jaganath, C.S. Jallow, S. Jamabo, Z.S. Jamal, L. Janneh, M.J. Jannetjies, I. Jasim, M.A.J. Jaworska, S. Jay Narain, K. Jermi, R. Jimoh, S. Jithoo, M. Johnson, S. Joomye, R.M. Judicael, M. Judicaël, A. Juwid, L.P. Jwambi, R. Kabango, J.K. Kabangu, D.K. Kabatoro, A.N. Kabongo, K. Kabongo, L.T. Kabongo, M.D. Kabongo, N. Kady, S. Kafu, M. Kaggya, B.N.K. Kaholongo, P.C.K. Kairuki, S.I. Kakololo, K. Kakudji, A. Kalisa, R. Kalisa, M.R. Kalufwelu, S. Kalume, R.J. Kamanda, M.K. Kangili, H. Kanoun, Kapesa, P. Kapp, J.K. Karanja, M. Karar, K. Kariuki, K. Kaseke, P.N.K. Kashuupulwa, K.J.P. Kasongo, S.K. Kassa, G.K. Kateregga, M.I.S. Kathrada, P.M. Katompwa, L. Katsukunya, K.A.M. Kavuma, Khalfallah, A. Khamajeet, S.B. Khetrish, Kibandwa, W. Kibochi, A.M. Kilembe, A.K. Kintu, B. Kipng'etich, B. Kiprop, V.M.K. Kissoon, T.K. Kisten, J.K. Kiwanuka, H.-L. Kluyts, M.E.K. Knox, A.K. Koledale, V.L. Koller, M.A. Kolotsi, M. Kongolo, N.D. Konwuoh, W.V.J. Koperski, M.Y.K. Koraz, A.A. Kornilov, M.Z. Koto, S. Kransingh, D. Krick, S. Kruger, C. Kruse, W. Kuhn, W.P. Kuhn, A.M. 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Mamadou, M.P. Mamaleka, Y. Mampangula, R.M. Mamy, M.N.R. Mananjara, M.T.M. Mandarry, D.M. Mangoo, C. Manirimbere, A. Manneh, A. Mansour, I. Mansour, M. Manvinder, D.V. Manyere, V.T. Manzini, J.K. Manzombi, P.M. Mapanda, L.C. Marais, O. Maranga, J.P.B. Maritz, F.K. Mariwa, R.S. Masela, M.M. Mashamba, D.M. Mashava, M.V. Mashile, E. Mashoko, O.R. Masia, J.N. Masipa, A.T.M. Masiyambiri, M.W. Matenchi, W. Mathangani, R.C. Mathe, C.Y. Matola, P.M. Matondo, R. Matos-Puig, F.F.H. Matoug, J.T. Matubatuba, H.P. Mavesere, R. Mavhungu, S. Maweni, C.J.M. Mawire, T. Mawisa, S. Mayeza, R. Mbadi, M. Mbayabu, N. Mbewe, W.D. Mbombo, T. Mbuyi, W.M.S. Mbuyi, M.W. Mbuyisa, B. Mbwele, R.M. Mehyaoui, I.D. Menkiti, L.V.M. Mesarieki, A. Metali, S. Mewanou, L. Mgonja, N. Mgoqo, S. Mhatu, T.M. Mhlari, S. Miima, I.M. Milod, P. Minani, F. Mitema, A. Mlotshwa, J.E. Mmasi, T. Mniki, B.O. Mofikoya, J.O. Mogale, A. Mohamed, S. Mohamed, S. Mohamed, T.S. Mohamed, A. Mohamed, P. Mohamed, I. Mohammed, F.A.M. Mohammed, M. 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Singh, U. Singh, V. Sinoamadi, N. Sipuka, N.L.M. Sithole, S. Sitima, D.L. Skinner, G.C. Skinner, O.I. Smith, C.A.G. Smits, M.S.I. Sofia, G. Sogoba, A. Sohoub, S.S. Sookun, O. Sosinska, R. Souhe, G. Souley, T. Souleymane, J.M. Spicer, S. Spijkerman, H. Steinhaus, A. Steyn, G. Steyn, H.C. Steyn, H.L. Stoltenkamp, S. Stroyer, A. Swaleh, E. Swayeb, A.J. Szpytko, N.A. Taiwo, A. Tarhuni, D. Tarloff, B. Tchaou, C. Tchegnonsi, M. Tchoupa, M.O. Teeka, B. Thakoor, M.M. Theunissen, B.P. Thomas, M.B. Thomas, A. Thotharam, O. Tobiko, A.M. Torborg, S.M. Tshisekedi, S.K. Tshisola, R. Tshitangano, F. Tshivhula, H.T. Tshuma, J. Tumukunde, M. Tun, I.A. Udo, D.I. Uhuebor, K.U. Umeh, A.O. Usenbo, J.D. Uwiteyimbabazi, D.J. Van der Merwe, F.H. van der Merwe, J.E. van der Walt, D. van Dyk, J.G. Van Dyk, J.J.S. van Niekerk, S. van Wyk, H.A. van Zyl, B. Veerasamy, P.J. Venter, A.J. Vermeulen, R. Villarreal, J. Visser, L. Visser, M. Voigt, R.P. von Rahden, A. Wafa, A. Wafula, P.K. Wambugu, P. Waryoba, E.N. Waweru, M. Weideman, R.D. Wise, E.E. Wynne, A.I. Yahya, A.A. Yahya, R. Yahya, Y. Yakubu, J.J. Yanga, Y.M. Yangazov, O. Yousef, G. Yousef, C. Youssouf, A.A. Yunus, A.S. Yusuf, A.Z. Zeiton, H.Z. Zentuti, H. Zepharine, A.B. Zerihun, S. Zhou, A. Zidan, S. Zimogo Zié, C.Z. Zinyemba, A. Zo, L. Zomahoun, N.Z. Zoobei, E. Zoumenou, N.Z. Zubia

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