The association between attachment style, social mentalities, and paranoid ideation

an analogue study

A. MacBeth, M. Schwannauer, A. Gumley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. The study was a novel exploration of possible associations between attachment status and psychotic phenomenology, applied within a social mentality framework (Gilbert, 1989, 2001). We hypothesized that attachment avoidance would be associated with higher endorsement of paranoid ideation. Consistent with social mentality theory, we hypothesized that higher levels of interpersonal problems would also be associated with higher paranoia scores and greater attachment avoidance. Design. An analogue cross-sectional cohort design was used. Methods. Two hundred and thirteen individuals completed self-report measures of current attachment style, interpersonal problems, paranoia, delusions, hallucinations, depression, and anxiety. Results. Confirmatory factor analysis of the attachment measure suggested a two-factor structure: attachment anxiety and avoidance. Covariance modelling suggested both attachment and a strategy of interpersonal distancing predicted paranoia. Hallucinatory phenomena were predicted by latent constructs representing interpersonal dependence and avoidance strategies. Conclusions. The findings confirmed a two-factor dimensional model was the optimum model for attachment self-report data. The interaction of attachment theory and social mentalities appears to be a promising framework for exploring developmental aspects of psychotic phenomenology.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-93
Number of pages15
JournalPsychology and Psychotherapy: Theory Research and Practice
Volume81
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2008

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Paranoid Disorders
Self Report
Anxiety
Delusions
Hallucinations
Statistical Factor Analysis
Depression
Mentality
Attachment Style
Social Theory
Avoidance

Cite this

The association between attachment style, social mentalities, and paranoid ideation : an analogue study. / MacBeth, A.; Schwannauer, M.; Gumley, A.

In: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory Research and Practice, Vol. 81, No. 1, 01.03.2008, p. 79-93.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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