The Crystal Structure and Electrical Properties of the Oxide Ion Conductor Ba3WNbO8.5

K S McCombie, E J Wildman, S Fop, R. I. Smith, J M S Skakle, A C McLaughlin

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Abstract

The structural and electrical properties of the hexagonal perovskite derivative Ba3WNbO8.5 have been investigated. Ba3WNbO8.5 crystallises in a hybrid of the 9R hexagonal perovskite and palmierite structure as recently reported for the
novel oxide ion conductor Ba3MoNbO8.5. Ba3WNbO8.5 is also an oxide ion conductor and appears to exhibit oxide ionic conduction with negligible electronic conductivity over a wider pO2 range than Ba3MoNbO8.5. A neutron diffraction study has revealed that at 20 °C the average structure of Ba3WNbO8.5 contains just 13 % of W(1)/Nb(1)O4 tetrahedra within the average structure of Ba3WNbO8.5 in comparison to 50% of Mo(1)/Nb(1)O4 tetrahedra in Ba3MoNbO8.5. The presence of (M/Nb)O4 tetrahedra with non-bridging apical oxygen atoms is an important prerequisite for the ionic conduction observed in the Ba3MNbO8.5 system (M = W, Mo). The strong reduction in the ratio of (M/Nb)O4 tetrahedra to (M/Nb)O6 octahedra upon replacement of W6+ for Mo6+ results in a reduction in the ionic conductivity by an order of magnitude at
450 °C. The bulk conductivities converge upon heating so that at 600 °C the bulk conductivity of Ba3WNbO8.5, σb = 0.0017 S cm -1, is comparable to that of Ba3MoNbO8.5 (σb = 0.0022 S cm-1). The results demonstrate that other members of the Ba3MM’O8.5 family can support oxide ion conductivity and further studies of hexagonal perovskite derivatives are warranted.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5290-5295
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume6
Issue number13
Early online date1 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Apr 2018

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Oxides
Electric properties
Crystal structure
Perovskite
Ions
Ionic conduction
Derivatives
Ionic conductivity
Neutron diffraction
Structural properties
Oxygen
Heating
Atoms
perovskite

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The Crystal Structure and Electrical Properties of the Oxide Ion Conductor Ba3WNbO8.5. / McCombie, K S; Wildman, E J; Fop, S; Smith, R. I.; Skakle, J M S; McLaughlin, A C.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 6, No. 13, 07.04.2018, p. 5290-5295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "The Crystal Structure and Electrical Properties of the Oxide Ion Conductor Ba3WNbO8.5",
abstract = "The structural and electrical properties of the hexagonal perovskite derivative Ba3WNbO8.5 have been investigated. Ba3WNbO8.5 crystallises in a hybrid of the 9R hexagonal perovskite and palmierite structure as recently reported for thenovel oxide ion conductor Ba3MoNbO8.5. Ba3WNbO8.5 is also an oxide ion conductor and appears to exhibit oxide ionic conduction with negligible electronic conductivity over a wider pO2 range than Ba3MoNbO8.5. A neutron diffraction study has revealed that at 20 °C the average structure of Ba3WNbO8.5 contains just 13 {\%} of W(1)/Nb(1)O4 tetrahedra within the average structure of Ba3WNbO8.5 in comparison to 50{\%} of Mo(1)/Nb(1)O4 tetrahedra in Ba3MoNbO8.5. The presence of (M/Nb)O4 tetrahedra with non-bridging apical oxygen atoms is an important prerequisite for the ionic conduction observed in the Ba3MNbO8.5 system (M = W, Mo). The strong reduction in the ratio of (M/Nb)O4 tetrahedra to (M/Nb)O6 octahedra upon replacement of W6+ for Mo6+ results in a reduction in the ionic conductivity by an order of magnitude at450 °C. The bulk conductivities converge upon heating so that at 600 °C the bulk conductivity of Ba3WNbO8.5, σb = 0.0017 S cm -1, is comparable to that of Ba3MoNbO8.5 (σb = 0.0022 S cm-1). The results demonstrate that other members of the Ba3MM’O8.5 family can support oxide ion conductivity and further studies of hexagonal perovskite derivatives are warranted.",
author = "McCombie, {K S} and Wildman, {E J} and S Fop and Smith, {R. I.} and Skakle, {J M S} and McLaughlin, {A C}",
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T1 - The Crystal Structure and Electrical Properties of the Oxide Ion Conductor Ba3WNbO8.5

AU - McCombie, K S

AU - Wildman, E J

AU - Fop, S

AU - Smith, R. I.

AU - Skakle, J M S

AU - McLaughlin, A C

N1 - This research was supported by the Northern Research Partnership and the University of Aberdeen. We also acknowledge Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) for provision of beamtime at ISIS.

PY - 2018/4/7

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N2 - The structural and electrical properties of the hexagonal perovskite derivative Ba3WNbO8.5 have been investigated. Ba3WNbO8.5 crystallises in a hybrid of the 9R hexagonal perovskite and palmierite structure as recently reported for thenovel oxide ion conductor Ba3MoNbO8.5. Ba3WNbO8.5 is also an oxide ion conductor and appears to exhibit oxide ionic conduction with negligible electronic conductivity over a wider pO2 range than Ba3MoNbO8.5. A neutron diffraction study has revealed that at 20 °C the average structure of Ba3WNbO8.5 contains just 13 % of W(1)/Nb(1)O4 tetrahedra within the average structure of Ba3WNbO8.5 in comparison to 50% of Mo(1)/Nb(1)O4 tetrahedra in Ba3MoNbO8.5. The presence of (M/Nb)O4 tetrahedra with non-bridging apical oxygen atoms is an important prerequisite for the ionic conduction observed in the Ba3MNbO8.5 system (M = W, Mo). The strong reduction in the ratio of (M/Nb)O4 tetrahedra to (M/Nb)O6 octahedra upon replacement of W6+ for Mo6+ results in a reduction in the ionic conductivity by an order of magnitude at450 °C. The bulk conductivities converge upon heating so that at 600 °C the bulk conductivity of Ba3WNbO8.5, σb = 0.0017 S cm -1, is comparable to that of Ba3MoNbO8.5 (σb = 0.0022 S cm-1). The results demonstrate that other members of the Ba3MM’O8.5 family can support oxide ion conductivity and further studies of hexagonal perovskite derivatives are warranted.

AB - The structural and electrical properties of the hexagonal perovskite derivative Ba3WNbO8.5 have been investigated. Ba3WNbO8.5 crystallises in a hybrid of the 9R hexagonal perovskite and palmierite structure as recently reported for thenovel oxide ion conductor Ba3MoNbO8.5. Ba3WNbO8.5 is also an oxide ion conductor and appears to exhibit oxide ionic conduction with negligible electronic conductivity over a wider pO2 range than Ba3MoNbO8.5. A neutron diffraction study has revealed that at 20 °C the average structure of Ba3WNbO8.5 contains just 13 % of W(1)/Nb(1)O4 tetrahedra within the average structure of Ba3WNbO8.5 in comparison to 50% of Mo(1)/Nb(1)O4 tetrahedra in Ba3MoNbO8.5. The presence of (M/Nb)O4 tetrahedra with non-bridging apical oxygen atoms is an important prerequisite for the ionic conduction observed in the Ba3MNbO8.5 system (M = W, Mo). The strong reduction in the ratio of (M/Nb)O4 tetrahedra to (M/Nb)O6 octahedra upon replacement of W6+ for Mo6+ results in a reduction in the ionic conductivity by an order of magnitude at450 °C. The bulk conductivities converge upon heating so that at 600 °C the bulk conductivity of Ba3WNbO8.5, σb = 0.0017 S cm -1, is comparable to that of Ba3MoNbO8.5 (σb = 0.0022 S cm-1). The results demonstrate that other members of the Ba3MM’O8.5 family can support oxide ion conductivity and further studies of hexagonal perovskite derivatives are warranted.

U2 - 10.1039/C7TA08989A

DO - 10.1039/C7TA08989A

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 5290

EP - 5295

JO - Journal of Materials Chemistry A

JF - Journal of Materials Chemistry A

SN - 2050-7488

IS - 13

ER -