The Design, Management and Operation of Flexible Transport Systems: comparison of experience between UK, Japan and India.

Steve Wright, C. David Emele, Masayuki Fukumoto, Nagendra R. Velaga, John Donald Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flexible transport systems (FTS) can offer an alternative to fixed route fixed schedule bus services in situations of low and dispersed demand. Although it is widely recognised that these on-demand services provide a better level of service to passengers at a lower operating cost than the infrequent fixed route services which they often replace, they still require significant financial support to cover their costs. As local authority budgets to support public transport continue to be reduced the sustainability of these services is being brought into sharper focus. In this paper we compare and contrast the development of FTS in UK, Japan and India. In particular we examine the extent to which new technologies are being used to contribute to a reduction in operating costs in the UK and Japan and whether these developments point to a future model for sustainable flexible service provision in developing countries, using India as an example.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-338
Number of pages9
JournalResearch in Transportation Economics
Volume48
Early online date1 Nov 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

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system comparison
transport system
Operating costs
Japan
India
management
Developing countries
Sustainable development
experience
operating costs
Costs
demand
public transport
Design management
new technology
budget
sustainability
developing country
costs

Keywords

  • Flexible transport systems
  • Design
  • Management
  • Operation
  • ICT
  • Legislation and policies
  • Subsidies

Cite this

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title = "The Design, Management and Operation of Flexible Transport Systems: comparison of experience between UK, Japan and India.",
abstract = "Flexible transport systems (FTS) can offer an alternative to fixed route fixed schedule bus services in situations of low and dispersed demand. Although it is widely recognised that these on-demand services provide a better level of service to passengers at a lower operating cost than the infrequent fixed route services which they often replace, they still require significant financial support to cover their costs. As local authority budgets to support public transport continue to be reduced the sustainability of these services is being brought into sharper focus. In this paper we compare and contrast the development of FTS in UK, Japan and India. In particular we examine the extent to which new technologies are being used to contribute to a reduction in operating costs in the UK and Japan and whether these developments point to a future model for sustainable flexible service provision in developing countries, using India as an example.",
keywords = "Flexible transport systems, Design, Management, Operation, ICT, Legislation and policies, Subsidies",
author = "Steve Wright and Emele, {C. David} and Masayuki Fukumoto and Velaga, {Nagendra R.} and Nelson, {John Donald}",
note = "The research described here is supported by the award made by the RCUK Digital Economy programme to the dot.rural Digital Economy Hub; award reference: EP/G066051/1.",
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AU - Emele, C. David

AU - Fukumoto, Masayuki

AU - Velaga, Nagendra R.

AU - Nelson, John Donald

N1 - The research described here is supported by the award made by the RCUK Digital Economy programme to the dot.rural Digital Economy Hub; award reference: EP/G066051/1.

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AB - Flexible transport systems (FTS) can offer an alternative to fixed route fixed schedule bus services in situations of low and dispersed demand. Although it is widely recognised that these on-demand services provide a better level of service to passengers at a lower operating cost than the infrequent fixed route services which they often replace, they still require significant financial support to cover their costs. As local authority budgets to support public transport continue to be reduced the sustainability of these services is being brought into sharper focus. In this paper we compare and contrast the development of FTS in UK, Japan and India. In particular we examine the extent to which new technologies are being used to contribute to a reduction in operating costs in the UK and Japan and whether these developments point to a future model for sustainable flexible service provision in developing countries, using India as an example.

KW - Flexible transport systems

KW - Design

KW - Management

KW - Operation

KW - ICT

KW - Legislation and policies

KW - Subsidies

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