The development of the EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL: a shortened questionnaire for cancer patients in palliative care

M. Groenvold, M. A. Petersen, N. K. Aaronson, J. I. Arraras, J. M. Blazeby, A. Bottomley, Peter Fayers, A. de graeff, E. Hammerlid, S. Kaasa, M. A. G. Sprangers, J. Bjorner, EORTC Quality of Life Group

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Abstract

This study aimed at developing a shortened version of the EORTC QLQ-C30, one of the most widely used health-related quality of life questionnaires in oncology, for palliative care research. The study included interviews with 41 patients and 66 health care professionals in palliative care to determine the appropriateness, relevance and importance of the various domains of the QLQ-C30. Item response theory methods were used to shorten scales. Patients and health care professionals rated pain, physical function, emotional function, fatigue, global health status/quality of life, nausea/vomiting, appetite, dyspnoea, constipation, and sleep as most important. Therefore, these scales/items were retained in the questionnaire. Four scales were shortened without reducing measurement precision. Important dimensions not covered by the questionnaire were identified. The resulting 15-item EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL is a 'core questionnaire' for palliative care. Depending on the research questions, it may be supplemented by additional items, modules or questionnaires. (c) 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-64
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Cancer
Volume42
Issue number1
Early online date12 Sep 2005
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006

Keywords

  • EORTC
  • quality of life
  • palliative care
  • questionnaires
  • health status
  • self-assessment
  • treatment outcome
  • randomized controlled trials
  • item response theory
  • Eeuropean organization
  • self assessment
  • lung cancer
  • QLQ-C30
  • validation
  • scale
  • scores

Cite this

Groenvold, M., Petersen, M. A., Aaronson, N. K., Arraras, J. I., Blazeby, J. M., Bottomley, A., Fayers, P., de graeff, A., Hammerlid, E., Kaasa, S., Sprangers, M. A. G., Bjorner, J., & EORTC Quality of Life Group (2006). The development of the EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL: a shortened questionnaire for cancer patients in palliative care. European Journal of Cancer, 42(1), 55-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejca.2005.06.022