The cocaine-amphetamine regulated transcript (CART) encodes for a protein which has an important role in the regulation of appetite and body weight. To date, no details of the molecular events and signal transduction pathways which regulate this gene are available. We report the identification of CART gene expression in the GH3 pituitary cell line. We have used activators of the cAMP or protein kinase C (PKC) signal transduction pathways to show that, in GH3 cells, CART is transcriptionally up-regulated by activators of the cAMP signal transduction pathway. We also identify CART gene expression in ovine pars tuberalis (PT) tissue and primary cell cultures. In PT cells in contrast to GH3 cells, CART gene expression is upregulated by activators of the PKC signal transduction pathway. Cultured cells have provided a valuable resource for the detailed analysis of specific regulatory mechanisms underlying transcriptional or translational regulation of genes, signal transduction events and many other cellular processes. GH3 and PT cells may therefore provide a resource for the further detailed molecular analysis of the events regulating CART gene expression and processing.
- proopielanocortin gene
- messenger RNA
- thyrotropin-releasing hormone
- proopiomelanocortin gene