THE DISSECTION OF SELECTION IN PERSON PERCEPTION - INHIBITORY PROCESSES IN SOCIAL STEREOTYPING

Neil Macrae, G V BODENHAUSEN, Alan Berkeley Milne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

289 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although people simultaneously belong to multiple social categories, any one of these competing representations can dominate the categorization process. It is surprising therefore to learn that only a few studies have considered the question of how people are categorized when multiple categorizations are available. In addition, relatively little is known about the cognitive mechanisms through which these categorization effects are realized. In the reported research, we attempted to extend recent ideas from work on selective attention to shed some light on these fundamental issues in social perception. Our basic contention was that following the initial identification of a person's applicable categories, the categorization process is driven by the interplay of both excitatory and inhibitory mechanisms. The results of 3 studies supported this contention. We discuss our findings in the wider context of contemporary issues in social stereotyping.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)397-407
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume69
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1995

Keywords

  • CATEGORY ACCESSIBILITY
  • IMPRESSION-FORMATION
  • ATTENTION
  • INFORMATION
  • CATEGORIZATION
  • SUPPRESSION
  • MEMORY
  • AUTOMATICITY
  • STRATEGIES
  • MECHANISMS

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