The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature review

659 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cannabis sativa is the source of a unique set of compounds known collectively as plant cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids. This review focuses on the manner with which three of these compounds, (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol(Delta(9)-THC), (-)-cannabidiol (CBD) and (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Delta(9)-THCV), interact with cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors. Delta(9)-THC, the main psychotropic constituent of cannabis, is a CB1 and CB2 receptor partial agonist and in line with classical pharmacology, the responses it elicits appear to be strongly influenced both by the expression level and signalling efficiency of cannabinoid receptors and by ongoing endogenous cannabinoid release. CBD displays unexpectedly high potency as an antagonist of CB1/CB2 receptor agonists in CB1- and CB2-expressing cells or tissues, the manner with which it interacts with CB2 receptors providing a possible explanation for its ability to inhibit evoked immune cell migration. Delta(9)-THCV behaves as a potent CB2 receptor partial agonist in vitro. In contrast, it antagonizes cannabinoid receptor agonists in CB1-expressing tissues. This it does with relatively high potency and in a manner that is both tissue and ligand dependent. Delta(9)-THCV also interacts with CB1 receptors when administered in vivo, behaving either as a CB1 antagonist or, at higher doses, as a CB1 receptor agonist. Brief mention is also made in this review, first of the production by Delta(9)-THC of pharmacodynamic tolerance, second of current knowledge about the extent to which Delta(9)-THC, CBD and Delta(9)-THCV interact with pharmacological targets other than CB1 or CB2 receptors, and third of actual and potential therapeutic applications for each of these cannabinoids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-215
Number of pages17
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume153
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

Keywords

  • experimental allergic encephalomyelitis autoantibodies
  • glutamatergic synaptic-transmission
  • amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
  • neuropathic pain
  • rat-brain
  • in-vivo
  • hippocampal-neurons
  • mouse model
  • glioblastoma-multiforme
  • presynaptic imidazoline

Cite this

@article{f98f5296cb5c44bca2278ad8930f939f,
title = "The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids: Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin",
abstract = "Cannabis sativa is the source of a unique set of compounds known collectively as plant cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids. This review focuses on the manner with which three of these compounds, (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol(Delta(9)-THC), (-)-cannabidiol (CBD) and (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Delta(9)-THCV), interact with cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors. Delta(9)-THC, the main psychotropic constituent of cannabis, is a CB1 and CB2 receptor partial agonist and in line with classical pharmacology, the responses it elicits appear to be strongly influenced both by the expression level and signalling efficiency of cannabinoid receptors and by ongoing endogenous cannabinoid release. CBD displays unexpectedly high potency as an antagonist of CB1/CB2 receptor agonists in CB1- and CB2-expressing cells or tissues, the manner with which it interacts with CB2 receptors providing a possible explanation for its ability to inhibit evoked immune cell migration. Delta(9)-THCV behaves as a potent CB2 receptor partial agonist in vitro. In contrast, it antagonizes cannabinoid receptor agonists in CB1-expressing tissues. This it does with relatively high potency and in a manner that is both tissue and ligand dependent. Delta(9)-THCV also interacts with CB1 receptors when administered in vivo, behaving either as a CB1 antagonist or, at higher doses, as a CB1 receptor agonist. Brief mention is also made in this review, first of the production by Delta(9)-THC of pharmacodynamic tolerance, second of current knowledge about the extent to which Delta(9)-THC, CBD and Delta(9)-THCV interact with pharmacological targets other than CB1 or CB2 receptors, and third of actual and potential therapeutic applications for each of these cannabinoids.",
keywords = "experimental allergic encephalomyelitis autoantibodies, glutamatergic synaptic-transmission, amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis, neuropathic pain, rat-brain, in-vivo, hippocampal-neurons, mouse model, glioblastoma-multiforme, presynaptic imidazoline",
author = "Pertwee, {R. G.}",
year = "2008",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1038/sj.bjp.0707442",
language = "English",
volume = "153",
pages = "199--215",
journal = "British Journal of Pharmacology",
issn = "0007-1188",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids

T2 - Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin

AU - Pertwee, R. G.

PY - 2008/1

Y1 - 2008/1

N2 - Cannabis sativa is the source of a unique set of compounds known collectively as plant cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids. This review focuses on the manner with which three of these compounds, (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol(Delta(9)-THC), (-)-cannabidiol (CBD) and (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Delta(9)-THCV), interact with cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors. Delta(9)-THC, the main psychotropic constituent of cannabis, is a CB1 and CB2 receptor partial agonist and in line with classical pharmacology, the responses it elicits appear to be strongly influenced both by the expression level and signalling efficiency of cannabinoid receptors and by ongoing endogenous cannabinoid release. CBD displays unexpectedly high potency as an antagonist of CB1/CB2 receptor agonists in CB1- and CB2-expressing cells or tissues, the manner with which it interacts with CB2 receptors providing a possible explanation for its ability to inhibit evoked immune cell migration. Delta(9)-THCV behaves as a potent CB2 receptor partial agonist in vitro. In contrast, it antagonizes cannabinoid receptor agonists in CB1-expressing tissues. This it does with relatively high potency and in a manner that is both tissue and ligand dependent. Delta(9)-THCV also interacts with CB1 receptors when administered in vivo, behaving either as a CB1 antagonist or, at higher doses, as a CB1 receptor agonist. Brief mention is also made in this review, first of the production by Delta(9)-THC of pharmacodynamic tolerance, second of current knowledge about the extent to which Delta(9)-THC, CBD and Delta(9)-THCV interact with pharmacological targets other than CB1 or CB2 receptors, and third of actual and potential therapeutic applications for each of these cannabinoids.

AB - Cannabis sativa is the source of a unique set of compounds known collectively as plant cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids. This review focuses on the manner with which three of these compounds, (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol(Delta(9)-THC), (-)-cannabidiol (CBD) and (-)-trans-Delta(9)-tetrahydrocannabivarin (Delta(9)-THCV), interact with cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors. Delta(9)-THC, the main psychotropic constituent of cannabis, is a CB1 and CB2 receptor partial agonist and in line with classical pharmacology, the responses it elicits appear to be strongly influenced both by the expression level and signalling efficiency of cannabinoid receptors and by ongoing endogenous cannabinoid release. CBD displays unexpectedly high potency as an antagonist of CB1/CB2 receptor agonists in CB1- and CB2-expressing cells or tissues, the manner with which it interacts with CB2 receptors providing a possible explanation for its ability to inhibit evoked immune cell migration. Delta(9)-THCV behaves as a potent CB2 receptor partial agonist in vitro. In contrast, it antagonizes cannabinoid receptor agonists in CB1-expressing tissues. This it does with relatively high potency and in a manner that is both tissue and ligand dependent. Delta(9)-THCV also interacts with CB1 receptors when administered in vivo, behaving either as a CB1 antagonist or, at higher doses, as a CB1 receptor agonist. Brief mention is also made in this review, first of the production by Delta(9)-THC of pharmacodynamic tolerance, second of current knowledge about the extent to which Delta(9)-THC, CBD and Delta(9)-THCV interact with pharmacological targets other than CB1 or CB2 receptors, and third of actual and potential therapeutic applications for each of these cannabinoids.

KW - experimental allergic encephalomyelitis autoantibodies

KW - glutamatergic synaptic-transmission

KW - amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis

KW - neuropathic pain

KW - rat-brain

KW - in-vivo

KW - hippocampal-neurons

KW - mouse model

KW - glioblastoma-multiforme

KW - presynaptic imidazoline

U2 - 10.1038/sj.bjp.0707442

DO - 10.1038/sj.bjp.0707442

M3 - Literature review

VL - 153

SP - 199

EP - 215

JO - British Journal of Pharmacology

JF - British Journal of Pharmacology

SN - 0007-1188

IS - 2

ER -