The effect of soil solution chemistry on the weathering rate of a Histic Andosol

B Sigfusson, S R Gislason, G I Paton

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10 Citations (Scopus)


Histic Andosol in Western Iceland was studied using laboratory based repacked microcosms conjointly with sampling of field soil solution. The main primary phase of the 205 cm thick soil profile was basaltic glass, allophane content ranged from 2 to 22 wt.% and the soil carbon content ranged from I I to 42 wt.%. At constant temperature, the dissolution rate of the basaltic glass, and probably allophane and imogolite, was dictated by the a(H+)(3)/a(A13+) activity ratio only, which in turn is governed by the pH, total dissolved Al and the anions capable of complexing Al3+; SO42-, F- and organic anions (DOC). Dissolution rate was slowed down by up to 20% by decreasing undersaturation in the field. Dissolution rate of basaltic glass was stable after an initial flushing event at the beginning of microcosm experiments. Predicted dissolution rates increased up to a factor of 7 and 30 by speciating Al3+ with oxalate in field and microcosms respectively. Speciation with oxalate generally had more effect in shallow horizons than deep horizons. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)321-324
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Geochemical Exploration
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • soil solution
  • basaltic glass
  • Andosol
  • aluminum
  • basaltic glass dissolution
  • natural glasses
  • PH 4
  • 25-degrees-C
  • consequences
  • mechanism
  • Iceland
  • carbon


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