The effect of tumour size on drug transport and uptake in 3-D tumour models reconstructed from magnetic resonance images

Wenbo Zhan, Wladyslaw Gedroyc, Xiao Yun Xu* (Corresponding Author)

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Drug transport and its uptake by tumour cells are strongly dependent on tumour properties, which vary in different types of solid tumours. By simulating the key physical and biochemical processes, a numerical study has been carried out to investigate the transport of anti-cancer drugs in 3-D tumour models of different sizes. The therapeutic efficacy for each tumour is evaluated by using a pharmacodynamics model based on the predicted intracellular drug concentration. Simulation results demonstrate that interstitial fluid pressure and interstitial fluid loss vary non-linearly with tumour size. Transvascular drug exchange, driven by the concentration gradient of unbound drug between blood and interstitial fluid, is more efficient in small tumours, owing to the low spatial-mean interstitial fluid pressure and dense microvasculature. However, this has a detrimental effect on therapeutic efficacy over longer periods as a result of enhanced reverse diffusion of drug to the blood circulation after the cessation of drug infusion, causing more rapid loss of drug in small tumours.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0172276
Number of pages16
JournalPloS ONE
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2017

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