The effects of basaltic lava flows on the petrophysical properties and diagenesis of interbedded aeolian sandstones: an example from the Cretaceous Parana Basin, Brazil

G. Bertolini*, A. J. Hartley, J. C. Marques, D. Healy, J. C. Frantz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An analysis of the petrophysical and diagenetic effects of the emplacement of Cretaceous basaltic lava flows (Serra Geral Formation) on aeolian sandstones (Botucatu Formation) has been undertaken on core samples from the Parana Basin, Brazil. Between 0.1 and 1 m from the contact zone, acoustic wave velocities and porosities in sandstones show a significantly wider scatter than those located >1 m away from the lava contact. Higher P-wave values (average 3759.3 m s(-1)) occur between 0.1 and 1 m from the lava contact in contrast to those areas >1 m away (average 3376.8 m s(-1)), whilst the average porosity is 6.5% near the contact (0.1-1 m) and 10.7% away from the contact (>1 m). Petrographical evaluation reveals two diagenetic pathways responsible for modification of the petrophysical properties: early hydrothermal Mg-rich authigenesis (Type 1) and early chemical dissolution (Type 2). Type 3 diagenesis occurs away from the lava-sediment contact (>1 m), with the appearance of poikilitic calcite and smectite. The sandstone samples associated with Type 1 and Type 2 diagenesis display a decrease in porosity and increased acoustic velocities in relation to Type 3, while Type 3 samples show little or no variation in reservoir properties. The lava-induced diagenetic effects at the sandstone-lava contacts (0.1-1 m) may form a baffle or seal to fluids around the margins of the sandstone bodies. Therefore, whilst diagenesis associated with lava emplacement may hinder reservoir quality around the margins, the original reservoir properties are preserved within these large sandstone bodies. Supplementary material: Petrophysical and petrographical data are available at

Original languageEnglish
Article numberpetgeo2020-036
Number of pages16
JournalPetroleum Geoscience
Volume27
Issue number2
Early online date8 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2021

Keywords

  • GRANDE-DO-SUL
  • SOUTHERN BRAZIL
  • HYDROTHERMAL ACTIVITY
  • BOTUCATU FORMATION
  • MAGMATIC PROVINCE
  • RESERVOIR-QUALITY
  • FLUID INCLUSION
  • FLOOD BASALTS
  • K-FELDSPAR
  • HUAB BASIN

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