The epidemiology of chronic pain

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Abstract

Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that, within the past month, around half us will have experienced an episode of pain which has lasted at least 1 day, with the most common sites reported, in a United Kingdom population study, being the low back (30%), hip (25%), neck and shoulder (25%) and knee (24%).9 Using a more stringent definition (suffered pain for 6 months, experienced pain in the last month and several times during the last week), a pan-European study reported a prevalence of 19%.

Prevalence of chronic pain increases through adult life, reaching a peak around the seventh decade (eg, Ref. 5). Pain at some regional sites, particularly in the lower limb, increase in prevalence across the age range (eg, Ref. 12), whereas some such as low back pain decrease at older ages.3 Such a decrease has been hypothesised to be related to changes in pain perception, expectation of pain at older ages and comorbidities. Chronic pain may be related to premature mortality; a review of studies showed a relationship with cancer and cardiovascular death 11 which may partly be related to lifestyle factors such as low levels of physical activity and poor quality diet
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2158-2159
Number of pages2
JournalPain
Volume157
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2016

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Chronic Pain
Epidemiology
Pain
Pain Perception
Premature Mortality
Low Back Pain
Life Style
Comorbidity
Hip
Epidemiologic Studies
Lower Extremity
Knee
Neck
Diet
Population
Neoplasms

Cite this

The epidemiology of chronic pain. / Macfarlane, Gary J.

In: Pain, Vol. 157, No. 10, 10.2016, p. 2158-2159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Macfarlane, Gary J. / The epidemiology of chronic pain. In: Pain. 2016 ; Vol. 157, No. 10. pp. 2158-2159.
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