The evaluation of an electronic visual analogue scale system for appetite and mood

Stephen Whybrow, J R Stephen, R J Stubbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Our objective was to evaluate a new electronic visual analogue scale (VAS) system for logging subjective motivation to eat ratings. In total, 10 men and 10 women completed both electronic and traditional pen and paper versions of the questionnaire every hour of the waking day. Subjects consumed a standard medium-fat diet, which was fixed at 1.6.BMR. Correlation coefficients for scores obtained by both methods were significant for all questions, with R(2) values ranging from 67 to 87%. However, Bland and Altman plots and paired t-tests identified significant bias between the two methods for five of the nine individual questions. These were questions that tended to be scored more towards the ends of the VAS. The new electronic VAS produces comparable, but not interchangeable, results to the traditional pen and paper method in the study of appetite and mood, while offering advantages of improved reliability in data collection.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)558-60
Number of pages3
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2006


  • Adult
  • Affect
  • Appetite
  • Cross-Over Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microcomputers
  • Paper
  • Questionnaires
  • Sensitivity and Specificity


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