The evolution and significance of microfracturing within feldspars in low-grade granitic mylonites

a case study from the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt, India

S. Sinha, G. I. Alsop, T. K. Biswal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patterns of microfracturing are investigated in plagioclase and K-feldspar porphyroclasts formed within granitic mylonites along the boundary of the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt, India. The mineral assemblage comprising quartz, feldspar, biotite and hornblende suggests lower greenschist facies conditions during mylonitisation, with the contrasting ductile behaviour of quartz and brittle fracturing of feldspars restricting the temperature range during deformation to 300–350 °C. Microfracturing of feldspars takes place by concentration of pure shear within the feldspar-rich layers. This may reflect strain partitioning into dominantly pure and simple shear due to the competency contrasts between the two major constituent minerals (quartz and feldspar). The microfractures occur in conjugates (here designated T1 and T2) with T1 inclined in the same direction as the S-fabric and showing an antithetic sense to the NW verging shear, while T2 is inclined in an opposite sense to the S-fabric and displays synthetic shear. The direction of maximum compression occurs at high angles to the C-fabric, and the T1 and T2 fractures are the result of pure shear localized into brittle layers within the mylonite. With progressive shear, the fractures along with their host feldspar grains are rotated. Theoretical graphs are plotted between bulk shear (γ) and the angle of initiation (α) of T1 and T2 with respect to C-planes, for fractures hosted in a circular or elliptical objects. The kinematics of these fractures are also analyzed with regard to variations in shear strain and sense of shear along them. The sense of shear may vary or remain stable within fractures, depending on their initial angle of inclination with respect to the C-fabric. As T1 is inclined at low angles to the XY plane and in the same direction as the S-fabric, it undergoes maximum shear strain compared to T2 and may even exceed the bulk shear. This facilitates breakdown of feldspar porphyroclasts during progressive deformation. The T1 set maintains an antithetic sense of shear even at low angles with the C-fabric, while T2 displays a synthetic sense in spite of being at high angles to C. The T1 and T2 fractures therefore differ significantly from the classic Riedel, P and Y shears where low angle fractures display synthetic shear and high angle ones (R′) show antithetic displacement with respect to the bulk shear sense.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1417-1429
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Structural Geology
Volume32
Issue number10
Early online date10 Aug 2010
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2010

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mobile belt
feldspar
shear strain
quartz
strain partitioning
mylonitization
mylonite
mineral
greenschist facies
hornblende
fabric
biotite
plagioclase

Cite this

@article{c6f3b03a4f524999a26735c87403d02f,
title = "The evolution and significance of microfracturing within feldspars in low-grade granitic mylonites: a case study from the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt, India",
abstract = "Patterns of microfracturing are investigated in plagioclase and K-feldspar porphyroclasts formed within granitic mylonites along the boundary of the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt, India. The mineral assemblage comprising quartz, feldspar, biotite and hornblende suggests lower greenschist facies conditions during mylonitisation, with the contrasting ductile behaviour of quartz and brittle fracturing of feldspars restricting the temperature range during deformation to 300–350 °C. Microfracturing of feldspars takes place by concentration of pure shear within the feldspar-rich layers. This may reflect strain partitioning into dominantly pure and simple shear due to the competency contrasts between the two major constituent minerals (quartz and feldspar). The microfractures occur in conjugates (here designated T1 and T2) with T1 inclined in the same direction as the S-fabric and showing an antithetic sense to the NW verging shear, while T2 is inclined in an opposite sense to the S-fabric and displays synthetic shear. The direction of maximum compression occurs at high angles to the C-fabric, and the T1 and T2 fractures are the result of pure shear localized into brittle layers within the mylonite. With progressive shear, the fractures along with their host feldspar grains are rotated. Theoretical graphs are plotted between bulk shear (γ) and the angle of initiation (α) of T1 and T2 with respect to C-planes, for fractures hosted in a circular or elliptical objects. The kinematics of these fractures are also analyzed with regard to variations in shear strain and sense of shear along them. The sense of shear may vary or remain stable within fractures, depending on their initial angle of inclination with respect to the C-fabric. As T1 is inclined at low angles to the XY plane and in the same direction as the S-fabric, it undergoes maximum shear strain compared to T2 and may even exceed the bulk shear. This facilitates breakdown of feldspar porphyroclasts during progressive deformation. The T1 set maintains an antithetic sense of shear even at low angles with the C-fabric, while T2 displays a synthetic sense in spite of being at high angles to C. The T1 and T2 fractures therefore differ significantly from the classic Riedel, P and Y shears where low angle fractures display synthetic shear and high angle ones (R′) show antithetic displacement with respect to the bulk shear sense.",
author = "S. Sinha and Alsop, {G. I.} and Biswal, {T. K.}",
year = "2010",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - The evolution and significance of microfracturing within feldspars in low-grade granitic mylonites

T2 - a case study from the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt, India

AU - Sinha, S.

AU - Alsop, G. I.

AU - Biswal, T. K.

PY - 2010/10

Y1 - 2010/10

N2 - Patterns of microfracturing are investigated in plagioclase and K-feldspar porphyroclasts formed within granitic mylonites along the boundary of the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt, India. The mineral assemblage comprising quartz, feldspar, biotite and hornblende suggests lower greenschist facies conditions during mylonitisation, with the contrasting ductile behaviour of quartz and brittle fracturing of feldspars restricting the temperature range during deformation to 300–350 °C. Microfracturing of feldspars takes place by concentration of pure shear within the feldspar-rich layers. This may reflect strain partitioning into dominantly pure and simple shear due to the competency contrasts between the two major constituent minerals (quartz and feldspar). The microfractures occur in conjugates (here designated T1 and T2) with T1 inclined in the same direction as the S-fabric and showing an antithetic sense to the NW verging shear, while T2 is inclined in an opposite sense to the S-fabric and displays synthetic shear. The direction of maximum compression occurs at high angles to the C-fabric, and the T1 and T2 fractures are the result of pure shear localized into brittle layers within the mylonite. With progressive shear, the fractures along with their host feldspar grains are rotated. Theoretical graphs are plotted between bulk shear (γ) and the angle of initiation (α) of T1 and T2 with respect to C-planes, for fractures hosted in a circular or elliptical objects. The kinematics of these fractures are also analyzed with regard to variations in shear strain and sense of shear along them. The sense of shear may vary or remain stable within fractures, depending on their initial angle of inclination with respect to the C-fabric. As T1 is inclined at low angles to the XY plane and in the same direction as the S-fabric, it undergoes maximum shear strain compared to T2 and may even exceed the bulk shear. This facilitates breakdown of feldspar porphyroclasts during progressive deformation. The T1 set maintains an antithetic sense of shear even at low angles with the C-fabric, while T2 displays a synthetic sense in spite of being at high angles to C. The T1 and T2 fractures therefore differ significantly from the classic Riedel, P and Y shears where low angle fractures display synthetic shear and high angle ones (R′) show antithetic displacement with respect to the bulk shear sense.

AB - Patterns of microfracturing are investigated in plagioclase and K-feldspar porphyroclasts formed within granitic mylonites along the boundary of the Eastern Ghats Mobile Belt, India. The mineral assemblage comprising quartz, feldspar, biotite and hornblende suggests lower greenschist facies conditions during mylonitisation, with the contrasting ductile behaviour of quartz and brittle fracturing of feldspars restricting the temperature range during deformation to 300–350 °C. Microfracturing of feldspars takes place by concentration of pure shear within the feldspar-rich layers. This may reflect strain partitioning into dominantly pure and simple shear due to the competency contrasts between the two major constituent minerals (quartz and feldspar). The microfractures occur in conjugates (here designated T1 and T2) with T1 inclined in the same direction as the S-fabric and showing an antithetic sense to the NW verging shear, while T2 is inclined in an opposite sense to the S-fabric and displays synthetic shear. The direction of maximum compression occurs at high angles to the C-fabric, and the T1 and T2 fractures are the result of pure shear localized into brittle layers within the mylonite. With progressive shear, the fractures along with their host feldspar grains are rotated. Theoretical graphs are plotted between bulk shear (γ) and the angle of initiation (α) of T1 and T2 with respect to C-planes, for fractures hosted in a circular or elliptical objects. The kinematics of these fractures are also analyzed with regard to variations in shear strain and sense of shear along them. The sense of shear may vary or remain stable within fractures, depending on their initial angle of inclination with respect to the C-fabric. As T1 is inclined at low angles to the XY plane and in the same direction as the S-fabric, it undergoes maximum shear strain compared to T2 and may even exceed the bulk shear. This facilitates breakdown of feldspar porphyroclasts during progressive deformation. The T1 set maintains an antithetic sense of shear even at low angles with the C-fabric, while T2 displays a synthetic sense in spite of being at high angles to C. The T1 and T2 fractures therefore differ significantly from the classic Riedel, P and Y shears where low angle fractures display synthetic shear and high angle ones (R′) show antithetic displacement with respect to the bulk shear sense.

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsg.2010.07.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jsg.2010.07.006

M3 - Article

VL - 32

SP - 1417

EP - 1429

JO - Journal of Structural Geology

JF - Journal of Structural Geology

SN - 0191-8141

IS - 10

ER -