The Extent to Which Sustainable Travel to Work Can be Explained by Neighbourhood Design Characteristics

Paulus Teguh Aditjandra, C Mulley, John Donald Nelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A case study approach is used to present causal evidence from the United Kingdom on the impact of neighborhood design on travel behavior. "Sustainable travel to work" is defined as including walking, cycling, and travel by bus or light rail. Travel-to-work data are derived from the British Census 2001 for two groups of carefully selected neighborhoods-those exhibiting either a high or a low incidence of sustainable travel-to-work patterns. A questionnaire was used to capture dimensions of neighborhood attitudes and preferences, socioeconomic characteristics, and car-travel characteristics in the northeast of England. The results offer microscale evidence by using a cross-sectional design to investigate the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and travel behavior and by using multivariate analysis to explore differences between neighborhood groups for socioeconomic variables, travel attitudes, and perceived neighborhood characteristics. The neighborhood group with a high incidence or sustainable travel to work is shown to have a higher potential to travel farther, and the neighborhood group with a low incidence of sustainable travel to work is shown to have a higher potential to use public transport. These results imply a policy dilemma about how public preferences for improved travel accessibility should he met by local authorities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-122
Number of pages9
JournalTransportation Research Record
Volume2134
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • residential self-selection
  • built environment
  • land-use
  • empirical-findings
  • urban form
  • behavior
  • methodologies
  • impacts
  • choice
  • focus

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